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Kinetic analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific cytokine production by PBMC in adults after BCG vaccination.

Abstract
Although bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) has been used worldwide as the only vaccine for tuberculosis, its protective efficacy in human adults is controversial. To investigate human immunological responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis after BCG vaccination, we analyzed IFN-gamma and IL-10 production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from health-care workers five times throughout the year after BCG vaccination. Of 449 health-care workers, 36 (8.0%) were negative by the tuberculin skin test, and of these, 20 were vaccinated with BCG. Because all the subjects had received BCG vaccination as infants, the present vaccination was considered to be a revaccination. The cytokine responses of the vaccinated and control tuberculin skin-test-positive subjects (n = 6) were followed at 0, 2, 4, and 8 weeks and at 12 months. The mean IFN-gamma production by PBMC when cultured with purified protein derivative (PPD) gradually increased, reached a peak at week 8, and then declined until 12 months, with four exceptions who showed no IFN-gamma elevation. The IFN-gamma level of the vaccinated group at week 0 was significantly lower than that of the controls. The mean IL-10 production in response to PPD reached a peak at week 2, and then declined to its lowest point at week 8. These results indicate that the BCG vaccine can induce a type I cytokine response to M. tuberculosis in most tuberculin skin-test-negative adults at week 8, suggesting the immunological efficacy of vaccination.
AuthorsShigeki Nabeshima, Masayuki Murata, Kouzaburo Yamaji, Yong Chong, Mari Nomoto, Jun Hayashi
JournalJournal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy (J Infect Chemother) Vol. 11 Issue 1 Pg. 18-23 (Feb 2005) ISSN: 1341-321X [Print] Japan
PMID15729483 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • BCG Vaccine
  • Cytokines
  • Tuberculin
  • Interleukin-10
  • Interferon-gamma
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • BCG Vaccine (immunology)
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cytokines (biosynthesis)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma (biosynthesis)
  • Interleukin-10 (biosynthesis)
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear (immunology)
  • Male
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis (immunology)
  • Tuberculin
  • Tuberculosis (prevention & control)
  • Vaccination

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