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A family 6 carbohydrate-binding module potentiates the efficiency of a recombinant xylanase used to supplement cereal-based diets for poultry.

Abstract
(1) Cellulases and xylanases display a modular architecture that comprises a catalytic module linked to one or more non-catalytic carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs). On the basis of primary structure similarity, CBMs have been classified into more than 30 different families. These non-catalytic modules mediate a prolonged and intimate contact of the enzyme with the target substrate, eliciting efficient hydrolysis of the insoluble polysaccharides. (2) Xylanases are very effective in improving the nutritive value of wheat- or rye-based diets for broiler chicks although the role of non-catalytic CBMs in the function of exogenous modular xylanases in vivo remains to be determined. (3) A study was undertaken to investigate the importance of a family 6 CBM in the function of recombinant derivatives of xylanase 11A (Xyn11A) of Clostridium thermocellum used to supplement cereal-based diets for poultry. (4) The data show that birds fed on a wheat-based diet supplemented with the modular xylanase display an increased final body weight when compared with birds receiving Xyn11A catalytic module or birds receiving the enzyme mixture Roxazyme G. (5) Interestingly, the modular xylanase was truncated and transformed into its single domain counterpart on the duodenum of birds fed on the wheat-based diets, most possibly due to the action of pancreatic proteases. (6) Together the data point to the importance of CBMs in the function of feed xylanases and suggest, that in chicken fed on wheat-based diets, the main sites for exogenous enzymes action might be the gastrointestinal (GI) compartments preceding the duodenum, most probably the crop.
AuthorsC M G A Fontes, P I P Ponte, T C Reis, M C Soares, L T Gama, F M V Dias, L M A Ferreira
JournalBritish poultry science (Br Poult Sci) Vol. 45 Issue 5 Pg. 648-56 (Oct 2004) ISSN: 0007-1668 [Print] England
PMID15623219 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Glycoside Hydrolases
  • Roxazyme G
  • Endo-1,4-beta Xylanases
Topics
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism
  • Chickens
  • Clostridium thermocellum (enzymology)
  • Diet
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Edible Grain
  • Endo-1,4-beta Xylanases (administration & dosage, chemistry, metabolism)
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Glycoside Hydrolases (administration & dosage)
  • Male
  • Multienzyme Complexes (administration & dosage)
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Secale
  • Triticum
  • Weight Gain

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