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Clinical signs, treatment, and postmortem lesions in dairy goats with enterotoxemia: 13 cases (1979-1982).

Abstract
Enterotoxemia attributable to Clostridium perfringens type D in goats is difficult to diagnose because of a lack of specific clinical signs or postmortem lesions, on which to base the diagnosis. This report describes the clinical signs, postmortem lesions, and clinical responses to treatment and vaccination in 4 goat herds, in which a diagnosis of enterotoxemia was confirmed. Four clinical cases had the diagnosis confirmed on the basis of signs of diarrhea or sudden death and the isolation of C perfringens and epsilon toxin from the feces at the time of admission. The 10 necropsy cases were diagnosed on the basis of the isolation of C perfringens (not typed) or epsilon toxin from the intestinal contents of goats that died with clinical signs compatible with enterotoxemia and without lesions associated with a second serious disease. Enterocolitis was the most consistent lesion reported at necropsy in the 10 goats with enterotoxemia. Ovine enterotoxemia vaccines were of limited value in preventing enterotoxemia. These observations imply that naturally induced enterotoxemia in goats involves a different pathophysiologic mechanism than that associated with enterotoxemia in sheep.
AuthorsT E Blackwell, D G Butler
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (J Am Vet Med Assoc) Vol. 200 Issue 2 Pg. 214-7 (Jan 15 1992) ISSN: 0003-1488 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1559880 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Journal Article)
Topics
  • Animals
  • Enterotoxemia (diagnosis, pathology, therapy)
  • Female
  • Goat Diseases (diagnosis, pathology, therapy)
  • Goats
  • Retrospective Studies

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