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Neurofeedback treatment of epilepsy.

Abstract
With electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback (or neurofeedback), it is possible to train the brain to de-emphasize rhythms that lead to generation and propagation of seizure and emphasize rhythms that make seizures less likely to occur. With recent improvements in quantitative EEG measurement and improved neurofeedback protocols, it has become possible in clinical practice to eliminate seizures or reduce the amount of medication required to control them. In this article, the history of neurofeedback for epilepsy is presented followed by discussions of the relevant neurophysiology of epilepsy. A model of how neurofeedback might raise the seizure threshold is then presented. Clinical experience using a quantitative EEG-guided approach is described, including a representative case study.
AuthorsJonathan E Walker, Gerald P Kozlowski
JournalChild and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America (Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am) Vol. 14 Issue 1 Pg. 163-76, viii (Jan 2005) ISSN: 1056-4993 [Print] United States
PMID15564057 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Topics
  • Biofeedback, Psychology (methods)
  • Electroencephalography
  • Epilepsy (physiopathology, therapy)
  • Humans
  • Models, Neurological
  • Terminology as Topic
  • Treatment Outcome

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