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Ongoing trials with yttrium 90-labeled ibritumomab tiuxetan in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Abstract
Targeted radiation therapy or radioimmunotherapy has been an important recent advance in the treatment of patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Yttrium 90-labeled ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin) comprises the murine monoclonal antibody ibritumomab, the linker chelator tiuxetan, and the radiolabeled isotope yttrium 90. Yttrium 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan has been shown to be efficacious in the treatment of B-cell NHL. Initial phase I/II trials established the therapeutic dose of ibritumomab tiuxetan for low-grade NHL to be 0.4 mCi/kg, or 0.3 mCi/kg for patients with mild thrombocytopenia. Currently, there are many ongoing trials of ibritumomab tiuxetan with different dose schedules and dose intensities in combination with chemotherapy and autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplantation in an attempt to improve response rate and duration and to study its effectiveness in other B-cell lymphomas including mantle cell lymphoma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. This article reviews the ongoing trials with 90Y ibritumomab tiuxetan. Radioimmunotherapy has great promise, and the safe incorporation of 90Y ibritumomab tiuxetan into treatment will hopefully result in improved survival for patients with NHL.
AuthorsIvana N M Micallef
JournalClinical lymphoma (Clin Lymphoma) Vol. 5 Suppl 1 Pg. S27-32 (Oct 2004) ISSN: 1526-9655 [Print] United States
PMID15498147 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, CD20
  • Yttrium Radioisotopes
  • ibritumomab tiuxetan
Topics
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal (therapeutic use)
  • Antigens, CD20
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols (therapeutic use)
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell (drug therapy, immunology, radiotherapy)
  • Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell (drug therapy, immunology, radiotherapy)
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin (immunology, radiotherapy)
  • Radioimmunotherapy (methods, trends)
  • Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Survival Analysis
  • Yttrium Radioisotopes (therapeutic use)

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