Physiologic effects of caffeine on cross-country runners.

This study determined the physiological effects of caffeine on cross-country runners during submaximal exercise. Ten college-age subjects (5 women; 5 men) volunteered to participate in this study. After completing a VO2max test, each subject completed 2 30-minute runs at 70% VO2max on the treadmill, 1 after ingesting caffeine and the other after ingesting a placebo. A caffeine dosage of 7 mg.kg(-1) of body weight was administered. The same dosage of vitamin C was used as a placebo. The order of treatments was randomly assigned, and the trials followed a double-blind format. The physiological data were analyzed using a repeated measures analysis of variance (SPSS). Tidal volume (TV), alveolar ventilation (VA), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were significantly different (p < 0.05) between treatment and control groups. The results suggest that the ingestion of caffeine at 7 mg.kg(-1) of body weight prior to submaximal running might provide a modest ergogenic effect via improved respiratory efficiency and a psychological lift.
AuthorsLarry J Birnbaum, Jacob D Herbst
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association (J Strength Cond Res) Vol. 18 Issue 3 Pg. 463-5 (Aug 2004) ISSN: 1064-8011 [Print] United States
PMID15320669 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial)
Chemical References
  • Caffeine
  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure (drug effects)
  • Caffeine (pharmacology)
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Exercise (physiology)
  • Female
  • Heart Rate (drug effects)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxygen Consumption (drug effects)
  • Pulmonary Ventilation (drug effects)
  • Running (physiology)
  • Tidal Volume (drug effects)

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