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Coronary heart disease risk reduction in postmenopausal women: the role of statin therapy and hormone replacement therapy.

Abstract
The incidence of coronary heart disease in women rises sharply in the years following menopause, and prescribing of hormone replacement therapy in the belief that it might compensate for the loss of estrogen-mediated cardioprotection is widespread. However, controlled trials have failed to show a beneficial effect of hormone replacement therapy on the incidence of coronary events, and recent evidence suggests that hormone replacement therapy may even have a deleterious effect on primary coronary heart disease prevention. Statins are recommended as first-line treatment for lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in women and are extremely valuable in reducing coronary heart disease risk in this group. An awareness of the benefits of appropriate statin treatment, and evidence showing that they can be safely added to hormone replacement therapy prescribed for the relief of menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis, provides the opportunity to optimize clinical outcomes for coronary heart disease among the large and expanding population of postmenopausal women.
AuthorsMichael Clearfield
JournalPreventive cardiology (Prev Cardiol) Vol. 7 Issue 3 Pg. 131-6 ( 2004) ISSN: 1520-037X [Print] United States
PMID15249765 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Topics
  • Coronary Artery Disease (epidemiology, prevention & control)
  • Estrogen Replacement Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors (therapeutic use)
  • Postmenopause
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome

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