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Analysis of the contribution of galanin receptors 1 and 2 to the central actions of galanin-like peptide.

Abstract
Galanin-like peptide (GALP) shares partial sequence identity with galanin and exhibits agonistic activity at two of the galanin receptor subtypes (GALR1 and GALR2) in vitro. The goal of these experiments was to determine whether galanin receptors mediate the effects of central GALP administration on food intake, body weight, and luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in the mouse. We first evaluated the effects of intracerebroventricular injections of GALP or its vehicle alone in GALR1 knockout mice, GALR2 knockout mice, and their respective wild-type controls. GALP reduced food intake and body weight after 24 h to a similar degree in wild-type, GALR1 knockout, and GALR2 knockout mice. The wild-type, GALR1 knockout, and GALR2 knockout mice also exhibited significant increases in serum levels of LH following the GALP injections. To help delineate the biologically active moiety of the GALP molecule, we injected wild-type mice with shorter fragments of the full-length GALP peptide. Neither GALP((1-21)) (the fragment containing the galanin-homologous sequence) nor GALP((22-60)) (the C-terminal portion of the GALP molecule lacking sequence identity with galanin) had any discernable effect on food intake, body weight or circulating LH. These observations demonstrate that neither GALR1 nor GALR2 are essential for mediating the effects of GALP on feeding, body weight or LH secretion. Furthermore, the galanin-homologous region of the GALP molecule is not sufficient to mimic the effects of full-length GALP. Together, these findings argue against the hypothesis that GALP signals solely through galanin receptors in vivoand suggest the existence of a yet-to-be-identified GALP-specific receptor.
AuthorsStephanie M Krasnow, John G Hohmann, Alexander Gragerov, Donald K Clifton, Robert A Steiner
JournalNeuroendocrinology (Neuroendocrinology) Vol. 79 Issue 5 Pg. 268-77 ( 2004) ISSN: 0028-3835 [Print] Switzerland
PMID15249737 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S., Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Galanin-Like Peptide
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Receptor, Galanin, Type 1
  • Receptor, Galanin, Type 2
  • Luteinizing Hormone
Topics
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus (metabolism)
  • Body Weight (physiology)
  • Eating (physiology)
  • Galanin-Like Peptide (administration & dosage, physiology)
  • Injections, Intraventricular
  • Luteinizing Hormone (blood)
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Receptor, Galanin, Type 1 (deficiency, metabolism)
  • Receptor, Galanin, Type 2 (deficiency, metabolism)

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