[Treatment of pseudoaneurysms after vascular interventions].

Increasing numbers of patients undergoing angiographic procedures result in an increase in the total number of complications. False aneurysm may develop in 1-5% after femoral artery puncture. Until recently, ultrasound-guided compression was the preferred method of treatment, in a few cases surgery. A newer method with ultrasound-guided injection of thrombin has been shown to be effective.
Between 2000 and 2003, twenty-seven patients were diagnosed with iatrogenic false aneurysms in our hospital. The diagnosis was obtained by ultrasound when clinically suspected. Twelve patients were treated with compression technique, one with surgery, twelve with ultrasound-guided injection of thrombin, and two received no active treatment.
Ultrasound-guided needle injection of thrombin was a good method of treatment with a success rate of 100%, as compared to 83% with compression technique. Days in hospital stay were few and no complications were observed. Based on the good results reported in the literature and our own experience, we suggest that ultrasound-guided injection of thrombin should be the treatment of choice for femoral pseudoaneurysms.
AuthorsRagnhild Marie Undseth, Nils-Einar Kløw, Pavel Hoffmann
JournalTidsskrift for den Norske lægeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny række (Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen) Vol. 124 Issue 10 Pg. 1384-6 (May 20 2004) ISSN: 0807-7096 [Electronic] Norway
Vernacular TitleBehandling av pseudoaneurismer etter karintervensjoner.
PMID15195176 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Hemostatics
  • Thrombin
  • Adult
  • Aneurysm, False (etiology, therapy, ultrasonography)
  • Angiography (adverse effects)
  • Angioplasty, Balloon (adverse effects)
  • Embolization, Therapeutic (adverse effects)
  • Female
  • Femoral Artery (injuries, ultrasonography)
  • Hemostatic Techniques
  • Hemostatics (administration & dosage)
  • Humans
  • Iatrogenic Disease
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Punctures (adverse effects)
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thrombin (administration & dosage)

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