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Effects of recombinant human extracellular-superoxide dismutase type C on myocardial reperfusion injury in isolated cold-arrested rat hearts.

Abstract
The efficacy of recombinant human extracellular-superoxide dismutase type C (EC-SOD C) on myocardial reperfusion injury was explored in hypothermically arrested rat hearts, as was its site of action. Forty isolated working rat hearts were subjected to 30 min of global ischemia followed by 30 min of reperfusion. The hearts were arrested by the administration of 10 mL of cold perfusate at the onset of ischemia. At the same time, they were randomly assigned to one of five groups; A: cold perfusate only; B: cold perfusate + EC-SOD C 10.4 mg/L (30,000 U/L); C: cold perfusate+bovine CuZn-SOD 7.5 mg/L (30,000 U/L); D: cold perfusate + EC-SOD C 10.4 mg/L + heparin 50,000U/L; E: cold perfusate + heparin 50,000 U/L. Heparin was given to prevent binding of EC-SOD C to endothelial cell surfaces. Left ventricular function was studied before ischemia and at the end of reperfusion. Percent recovery of maximal left ventricular dP/dt after reperfusion was more pronounced in group B (109 +/- 24%; p less than .05) than in groups A (42 +/- 40%), C (47 +/- 36%), D (44 +/- 33%) and E (58 +/- 25%). Likewise, percent recovery of the double product (heart rate x systolic left ventricular pressure) was better in group B (104 +/- 18%; p less than .05) than in the other groups (A: 47 +/- 37%, C: 49 +/- 36%, D: 50 +/- 35%, E: 69 +/- 31%). Compared to the preischemic level, creatine kinase increased significantly in the coronary effluent after reperfusion in groups A, C, D, and E, but not in group B. The results suggest that EC-SOD C, which attaches to the endothelial cell surfaces, might be particularly effective as protection against myocardial reperfusion injury when given together with cardioplegic solution.
AuthorsN Hatori, P O Sjöquist, S L Marklund, S K Pehrsson, L Rydén
JournalFree radical biology & medicine (Free Radic Biol Med) Vol. 13 Issue 2 Pg. 137-42 ( 1992) ISSN: 0891-5849 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1516840 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Free Radicals
  • Isoenzymes
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Creatine Kinase
Topics
  • Animals
  • Creatine Kinase (secretion)
  • Free Radicals (metabolism)
  • Hemodynamics (drug effects)
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Isoenzymes (pharmacology)
  • Male
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury (physiopathology, prevention & control)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Recombinant Proteins (pharmacology)
  • Superoxide Dismutase (pharmacology)

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