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Ureteroscopic management of ureteral and ureteroenteral strictures.

Abstract
The ureteroscopic approach to ureteral strictures has diminished morbidity because of smaller-caliber equipment, improved optics, Ho:YAG laser, and a better understanding of the risk factors for ureteral strictures. Direct visualization by means of retrograde ureteroscopy provides a safe and effective approach to treat ureteral strictures without the need for an open incision or percutaneous nephrostomy access. All patients with a ureteral stricture require an extensive evaluation and planning before treatment. Generally, patients with ureteral strictures and a history of carcinoma should undergo biopsy of the area of stricture. With recurrent cancer, patients may present with pain, nausea, vomiting, pyelonephritis, or loss of the ipsilateral renal unit. Malignant strictures tend to not respond well to balloon dilation alone. Open or laparoscopic resection and reconstruction may be indicated if there is a chance for cure. In patients who are not good surgical candidates or in those who have advanced disease, the urologist is left with the option of an indwelling stent or nephrostomy tube.
AuthorsRakesh C Patel, Robert C Newman
JournalThe Urologic clinics of North America (Urol Clin North Am) Vol. 31 Issue 1 Pg. 107-13 (Feb 2004) ISSN: 0094-0143 [Print] United States
PMID15040407 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Review)
Topics
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Constriction, Pathologic (diagnosis, surgery)
  • Female
  • Fiber Optic Technology
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Diseases (diagnosis, surgery)
  • Male
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Stents
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ureteral Obstruction (diagnosis, surgery)
  • Ureteroscopes
  • Ureteroscopy (adverse effects, methods)

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