Increased adenosine A2A receptors in the brain of Parkinson's disease patients with dyskinesias.

Brain adenosine A2A receptors have recently attracted considerable attention because of their interaction with the dopaminergic system and as potential targets for Parkinson's disease pharmacotherapy. Post mortem adenosine A2A receptor mRNA and [3H]SCH 58261- specific binding to adenosine A2A receptor were studied in the brain of Parkinson's disease patients using in situ hybridization and receptor binding autoradiography, respectively. Fourteen levodopa-treated Parkinson's disease patients, of which seven developed dyskinesias and seven did not, were compared with nine controls. Nigrostriatal denervation was similar between dyskinetic and non-dyskinetic Parkinson's disease patients, as assessed with catecholamine concentrations and [125I]RTI-121-specific binding to dopamine transporters. A2A receptor mRNA levels (+129%; P < 0.01) and [3H]SCH 58261-specific binding (+32%, P < 0.01) were increased in the putamen (lateral and medial) of dyskinetic patients compared with controls. The increase of adenosine A2A receptor mRNA in dyskinetic Parkinson's disease patients was also significant compared with non-dyskinetic Parkinson's disease patients (+60%; P < 0.05) in the lateral putamen. Moreover, [3H]SCH 58261-specific binding to adenosine A2A receptors was increased in the external globus pallidus (+24%; P < 0.001) of Parkinson's disease patients compared with controls, regardless of the dyskinesigenic response to levodopa. No change of adenosine A2A receptors was observed in the caudate nucleus, whereas adenosine A2A receptor protein and mRNA levels in the internal globus pallidus were not different from background. These findings suggest that increased synthesis of adenosine A2A receptors in striatopallidal pathway neurons is associated with the development of dyskinesias following long-term levodopa therapy in Parkinson's disease.
AuthorsFrédéric Calon, Mehdi Dridi, Oleh Hornykiewicz, Paul J Bédard, Ali H Rajput, Thérèse Di Paolo
JournalBrain : a journal of neurology (Brain) Vol. 127 Issue Pt 5 Pg. 1075-84 (May 2004) ISSN: 0006-8950 [Print] England
PMID15033896 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A
  • Levodopa
  • Dopamine
  • Aged
  • Autoradiography (methods)
  • Brain Chemistry
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Dopamine (analysis)
  • Dyskinesias (drug therapy, metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • In Situ Hybridization (methods)
  • Levodopa (therapeutic use)
  • Parkinson Disease (drug therapy, metabolism)
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A (analysis)

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: