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[Urinary leukotriene E4 concentration in patients with bronchial asthma and intolerance of non-steroids anti-inflammatory drugs before and after oral aspirin challenge].

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Leukotrienes (LTC4, LTD4, LTE4) belong to eicosanoids and they play important role in allergic inflammation. Leukotrienes are 5-lipooxygenaze products of arachinoid acid. It is known that concentration of LTE4 increases in patients with bronchial asthma, after some allergy provocation and in patients with bronchial asthma and intolerance of on steroids anti-inflammatory drugs. The aim of the study was estimated the urinary concentration of LTE4 in patients with bronchial asthma and intolerance of no steroids anti-inflammatory drugs.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
The study group consisted of 21 patients with asthma and intolerance of non steroids antiinflammatory drugs (F 19, M 2) in age from 21 to 72 years old (mean = 49 +/- 14), with middle time of asthma duration mean = 13.4 +/- 12.9 years In study group 11 person had positive skin test, 7 nasal polyps, and 8 person positive family history of bronchial asthma. After oral provocation aspirin challenge in 5 subjects' aspirin induced asthma was confirmed, 3 persons were not qualified to test. Urinary concentration of LTE4 before and 24 h after aspirin provocation was analyzed in all the patients. Leukotriene were detected by enzymatic Leukotriene E4, EIA Kit, Cayman Chemical test.
RESULTS:
In group of patients with aspirin asthma basic concentration of LTE4 was 416.6 +/- 374.4 pg/mL, and after provocation 496.6 +/- 485.3 pg/mL, in the group without sensitivity to aspirin appropriate 262.9 +/- 404.0 vs 261.2 +/- 259.66 pg/mL, and in the group disqualified to test 181.6 +/- 55.75 pg/mL.
CONCLUSION:
1 Patients with aspirin asthma have higher concentration of LTE4. 2. Excretion of LTE4 in patients with aspirin induced asthma raised after oral aspirin provocation and higher level was detected is til 24 hours after challenge. 3. This results confirmed the role of cysteinic leukotrienes in pathogenesis of aspirin induced asthma.
AuthorsRenata Rubinsztajn, Jolanta Wrońska, Ryszarda Chazan
JournalPolskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej (Pol Arch Med Wewn) Vol. 110 Issue 2 Pg. 849-54 (Aug 2003) ISSN: 0032-3772 [Print] Poland
Vernacular TitleStezenie leukotrienów E4 w moczu chorych na astme oskrzelowa z nietolerancja NLPZ w wywiadzie przed doustna prowokacja aspiryna i po prowokacji.
PMID14682223 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Leukotriene E4
  • Aspirin
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal (adverse effects, urine)
  • Aspirin (adverse effects, urine)
  • Asthma (urine)
  • Bronchial Provocation Tests (methods)
  • Drug Hypersensitivity (etiology, urine)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leukotriene E4 (urine)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged

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