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Diode laser photocoagulation for retinopathy of prematurity. Preliminary results.

Abstract
In a prospective, randomized clinical trial comparing transscleral cryotherapy with laser photocoagulation in the treatment of "threshold" stage 3+ retinopathy of prematurity, 32 infants were treated with diode laser photocoagulation in one eye. Twenty-eight infants have been followed up for at least 3 months, and seven have been followed up for at least 1 year. Twenty-five of 28 eyes treated with diode laser photocoagulation and followed up for at least 3 months have undergone regression. Of 24 fellow eyes treated with cryotherapy and followed up for at least 3 months, 20 have undergone regression. All seven eyes treated with diode laser photocoagulation and followed up for at least 1 year have undergone regression. Of seven fellow eyes treated with cryotherapy and followed up for at least 1 year, all have undergone regression. Our results suggest that diode laser photocoagulation is as effective as cryotherapy in the treatment of retinopathy of prematurity.
AuthorsJ A McNamara, W Tasman, J F Vander, G C Brown
JournalArchives of ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960) (Arch Ophthalmol) Vol. 110 Issue 12 Pg. 1714-6 (Dec 1992) ISSN: 0003-9950 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1463410 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Topics
  • Cryosurgery
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intraoperative Complications
  • Laser Therapy
  • Light Coagulation
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reoperation
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity (physiopathology, surgery)
  • Treatment Outcome

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