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[Pharmacotherapy in heroin addiction: pharmacological approaches to remission stabilization and recurrence prevention].

Abstract
After withdrawal arrest in many heroin addicts, they displayed the syndrome of anhedonia including affective disorders (depression, dysphoria, anxiety), dyssomnia and a pathologic craving for opiates. Anhedonia is often the cause for recurrence in heroine addiction, therefore, an appropriate treatment is an important aspect in recurrence prevention and remission stabilization. Since depression and drive for heroin are the key symptoms in anhedonia, we undertook the efficiency study of therapy (in anhedonia) by antidepressants belonging to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) and NMDA receptor antagonists, citalopram and memantine, respectively, which have a clinical antidepressant action and an experimental anti-addictive action. Both drugs were found to arrest effectively virtually all signs of anhedonia, however, their action on remission stabilization was rather moderate. It looked to be more promising to use, in remission stabilization, the uttermost antagonist of opiate receptors (naltrexone) blocking reliably all heroine effects. A double blind placebo-controlled study, undertaken by us, convincingly showed a significantly smaller number of relapses with naltrexone in heroin addicts. At the same time, the drug had no valuable effect on the anhedonia symptoms, which worsened the compliance entailing a poorer therapy efficiency. Finally, a combination of naltrexone (blocking the heroin action and reducing the recurrence rate) with SSRI antidepressants (effectively arresting the anhedonia symptoms and improving the compliance with naltrexone medication and remission quality) is a most promising approach to remission stabilization and recurrence prevention.
AuthorsA Ia Grinenko, E M Krupitskiĭ, E E Zvartau
JournalVestnik Rossiĭskoĭ akademii meditsinskikh nauk / Rossiĭskaia akademiia meditsinskikh nauk (Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk) Issue 10 Pg. 54-6 ( 2003) ISSN: 0869-6047 [Print] Russia
Vernacular TitleFarmakoterapiia geroinovoĭ narkomanii: farmakologicheskiĭ podkhod k stabilizatsii remissiĭ i profilaktike retsidivov.
PMID14598513 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Comparative Study, English Abstract, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial)
Chemical References
  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
  • Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic
  • Narcotic Antagonists
  • Placebos
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
  • Citalopram
  • Amitriptyline
  • Naltrexone
Topics
  • Adult
  • Amitriptyline (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Antidepressive Agents (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Citalopram (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Heroin Dependence (drug therapy, psychology)
  • Humans
  • Mood Disorders (chemically induced, drug therapy)
  • Naltrexone (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Narcotic Antagonists (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Patient Compliance
  • Placebos
  • Recurrence
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome (drug therapy, psychology)

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