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Selenium supplementation and secondary prevention of nonmelanoma skin cancer in a randomized trial.

Abstract
The Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial designed to test whether selenium as selenized yeast (200 microg daily) could prevent nonmelanoma skin cancer among 1312 patients from the Eastern United States who had previously had this disease. Results from September 15, 1983, through December 31, 1993, showed no association between treatment and the incidence of basal and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin. This report summarizes the entire blinded treatment period, which ended on January 31, 1996. The association between treatment and time to first nonmelanoma skin cancer diagnosis and between treatment and time to multiple skin tumors overall and within subgroups, defined by baseline characteristics, was evaluated. Although results through the entire blinded period continued to show that selenium supplementation was not statistically significantly associated with the risk of basal cell carcinoma (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.09, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.94 to 1.26), selenium supplementation was associated with statistically significantly elevated risk of squamous cell carcinoma (HR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.03 to 1.51) and of total nonmelanoma skin cancer (HR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.02 to 1.34). Results from the Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial conducted among individuals at high risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer continue to demonstrate that selenium supplementation is ineffective at preventing basal cell carcinoma and that it increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma and total nonmelanoma skin cancer.
AuthorsAnna J Duffield-Lillico, Elizabeth H Slate, Mary E Reid, Bruce W Turnbull, Patricia A Wilkins, Gerald F Combs Jr, H Kim Park, Earl G Gross, Gloria F Graham, M Suzanne Stratton, James R Marshall, Larry C Clark,
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute (J Natl Cancer Inst) Vol. 95 Issue 19 Pg. 1477-81 (Oct 1 2003) ISSN: 1460-2105 [Electronic] United States
PMID14519754 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Multicenter Study, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Selenium
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents (adverse effects, blood, therapeutic use)
  • Carcinoma, Basal Cell (blood, epidemiology, prevention & control)
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell (blood, chemically induced, epidemiology, prevention & control)
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Risk Factors
  • Selenium (adverse effects, blood, therapeutic use)
  • Skin Neoplasms (blood, chemically induced, epidemiology, prevention & control)
  • Treatment Failure
  • United States (epidemiology)

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