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Differentiated thyroid carcinoma in children and adolescents.

Abstract
From 1936 to 1990, 89 children and adolescents (72 girls and 17 boys) were treated for differentiated thyroid carcinoma at the University of Michigan Medical Center; 58 of these patients were first reported in 1971. Thirty (34%) patients had previously received external irradiation to the head and neck, although only 1 (3%) patient of the last 33 patients seen had this history. Patients first presenting from 1971 to 1990 had less advanced disease than those seen earlier. Also, during this time period, the rate of initial palpable cervical adenopathy fell from 63% to 36%, local infiltration of primary cancer from 31% to 6%, and initial pulmonary metastases from 19% to 6%. The incidence of cervical nodal metastases has remained 88% for 54 years. Papillary or the follicular variant of papillary carcinoma was found in 93% of all patients. Seventy-nine (89%) patients had total or completion total thyroidectomy. Surgical management of lymphatic metastases varied from regional excision of nodes to radical neck dissection. The overall rate of permanent accidental recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and hypoparathyroidism was 4.5%, although neither has occurred in a child or adolescent undergoing surgery at the center in the past 25 years. The most recent 33 patients had a low rate of local/regional persistence or recurrence. Cervical nodal persistence occurred in 21%; there were no thyroid recurrences. Eighty-two percent of patients received 131I. The long-term mortality rate was 2.2%. We continue to advocate total thyroidectomy, cervical lymph node dissection, and postoperative 131I therapy as the most conservative treatment regimen for children with differentiated thyroid carcinoma.
AuthorsJ K Harness, N W Thompson, M K McLeod, J L Pasieka, A Fukuuchi
JournalWorld journal of surgery (World J Surg) 1992 Jul-Aug Vol. 16 Issue 4 Pg. 547-53; discussion 553-4 ISSN: 0364-2313 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1413825 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Topics
  • Adenocarcinoma (epidemiology, therapy)
  • Adolescent
  • Carcinoma, Papillary (epidemiology, therapy)
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local (epidemiology)
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Thyroid Neoplasms (epidemiology, therapy)
  • Treatment Outcome

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