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Roxithromycin versus penicillin in the treatment of erysipelas in adults: a comparative study.

Abstract
A prospective, randomized, multicentre trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of roxithromycin (150 mg b.i.d. orally) and penicillin (2.5 MU x 8 daily intravenously, then 6 MU daily orally) in the treatment of hospitalized adult patients with erysipelas. Seventy-two patients entered the study. Thirty-one patients in the roxithromycin group and 38 patients in the penicillin group completed the trial. The overall efficacy rates (cure without additional antibiotics) were 84% (26/31) in the roxithromycin group and 76% (29/38) in the penicillin group (P = 0.43). No side-effects were observed in the roxithromycin-treated patients whereas rashes occurred in two cases in the penicillin group, leading to exclusion from the study. Oral roxithromycin can thus be considered an effective and well-tolerated treatment for erysipelas in adult hospitalized patients.
AuthorsP Bernard, P Plantin, H Roger, B Sassolas, E Villaret, V Legrain, J C Roujeau, Y Rezvani, A Scheimberg
JournalThe British journal of dermatology (Br J Dermatol) Vol. 127 Issue 2 Pg. 155-9 (Aug 1992) ISSN: 0007-0963 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID1390144 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial)
Chemical References
  • Penicillins
  • Roxithromycin
Topics
  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Erysipelas (drug therapy, microbiology)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Penicillins (therapeutic use)
  • Prospective Studies
  • Roxithromycin (therapeutic use)
  • Staphylococcus aureus (isolation & purification)
  • Streptococcus (isolation & purification)

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