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Correlation between interferon (IFN) alpha resistance and deletion of the IFN alpha/beta genes in acute leukemia cell lines suggests selection against the IFN system.

Abstract
Homozygous and hemizygous deletions of the interferon A (IFNA) and IFNB genes have been frequently observed in acute leukemia cell lines, primary acute leukemia cases, and gliomas. Because IFNs have an antiproliferative effect, selection against the IFN alpha/beta system could play a role or accompany the development of the malignant phenotype. Although the deletion of the IFNA/B genes could interrupt an autocrine loop that controls cell proliferation, cells would still respond to exogenous IFN alpha/beta and, thus, lesions at the receptor or signal transduction level should also be present to render cells resistant to exogenous IFN alpha/beta. To test if selection against the IFN system was operating in acute leukemias, the sensitivity to the antiproliferative effect of IFN alpha 2 was studied in acute leukemia cell lines with and without alterations of the IFNA/B genes. We found that 10 of 11 acute leukemia cell lines with alterations of the IFNA/B genes were resistant to the antiproliferative effect of IFN alpha 2, whereas only two of eight cell lines with normal IFNA/B genes were IFN-resistant. We then examined the possibility that an alteration of the receptor expression could account for the lack of response to IFN alpha 2. No significant alteration in the expression or structure of the IFN alpha receptor was observed. We also studied the downmodulation of the alpha subunit of the IFN alpha receptor upon IFN alpha 2 binding. One cell line with deletion of the IFNA/B genes showed impaired downmodulation of the IFN alpha receptor. The data presented here suggest that selection against the IFN alpha/beta system could play a role or accompany the development of the malignant phenotype.
AuthorsO R Colamonici, P Domanski, L C Platanias, M O Diaz
JournalBlood (Blood) Vol. 80 Issue 3 Pg. 744-9 (Aug 1 1992) ISSN: 0006-4971 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1386261 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Interferon Type I
  • Interferon-alpha
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Interferon
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Interferon-beta
Topics
  • Acute Disease
  • Cell Division (drug effects)
  • Cell Line
  • Chromosome Deletion
  • Down-Regulation
  • Drug Resistance (genetics)
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Interferon Type I (pharmacology)
  • Interferon-alpha (genetics)
  • Interferon-beta (genetics)
  • Leukemia
  • Receptors, Immunologic (metabolism)
  • Receptors, Interferon
  • Recombinant Proteins

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