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A new chick mitochondrial DNA-binding protein exhibits sequence-specific interaction near heavy-strand replication origin: cleavage activity, stimulation of mtDNA synthesis, and enhancement in transformed fibroblasts.

Abstract
We have identified a new, double-strand-dependent, mtDNA-binding protein in chick embryo fibroblast (CEF) mitochondria (and inner-membrane-matrix preparations) which demonstrates both an exclusive specific affinity for the displacement loop (D-loop) control region of chick mtDNA and intramitochondrial levels that reflect corresponding changes in mtDNA replication activity both in vivo and in vitro. This approximately 36 kDa protein (designated aMDP1, avian mitochondrial DNA-binding protein 1) was identified by elution and renaturation following SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and by direct isolation from specific mtDNA-protein complexes excised from mobility shift gels. Analysis of the entire 16.7-kb mt genome determined that a MDP1 mediates cleavage of chick mtDNA in vitro at three H- and two L-strand sequence-specific target sites located within a 90-bp A + T-rich genomic tract, theoretically capable of forming stable secondary structures, approximately 200 bases upstream from the H-strand origin (OH) of replication. Furthermore, gel-isolated aMDP1 relaxes supercoiled mtDNA, and exogenous addition of the protein, in a permeabilized in vitro system, preferentially stimulates the synthesis of H-strand sequences which hybridize to OH-containing fragments. Oncogenic transformation of CEF by Rous sarcoma viruses results in a threefold elevated level of aMDP1, directly correlating with a similarly increased level of mtDNA replication in vivo. Heterologous chick-human cross-competition experiments showed that aMDP1 also selectively interacts with human (HeLa) D-loop region mtDNA, possibly reflective of an evolutionary importance for aMDP1 interaction in the region. Functionally, we hypothesize that aMDP1 may operate in conjunction with other mtDNA-binding proteins, important in replication and transcription, by potentiating duplex unwinding either prior to or during an initial stage of H-strand synthesis. Together, these results suggest that aMDP1 is a good potential candidate for a nucleus-encoded regulatory protein which communicates with the mt genome during the replication process.
AuthorsM A D'Agostino, M M Nass
JournalExperimental cell research (Exp Cell Res) Vol. 199 Issue 2 Pg. 191-205 (Apr 1992) ISSN: 0014-4827 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1312005 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S., Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • DNA, Mitochondrial
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • DNA
Topics
  • Animals
  • Avian Sarcoma Viruses
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Transformation, Viral
  • Chick Embryo
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • DNA (biosynthesis, metabolism, ultrastructure)
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA, Mitochondrial (metabolism)
  • DNA-Binding Proteins (metabolism)
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Plasmids
  • Restriction Mapping

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