Effect of cloricromene during ischemia and reperfusion of rabbit hindlimb: evidence for an involvement of leukocytes in reperfusion-mediated tissue and vascular injury.

The involvement of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) in reperfusion-mediated vascular injury was studied in a model of ischemia and reperfusion in rabbit hindlimb. Ischemia was induced by 4-h occlusion of the left iliac artery followed by 4-h reperfusion. Plasma creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities, hindlimb vascular resistance (HVR), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in the postischemic extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle were measured to evaluate the extent of vascular and skeletal muscle injury. In addition, the ischemia/reperfusion-induced injury of the hindlimb vasculature was evaluated by electron microscopy. Ischemia and reperfusion (n = 10) was associated with an increase in CK (6,380 +/- 1,346 U/L, p < 0.05) and LDH (552 +/- 76 U/L, p < 0.05) activities which were significantly greater than those observed in sham-operated control animals (CK 1,651 +/- 207 U/L, LDH 246 +/- 14 U/L; n = 6). HVR in sham-operated animals decreased by 20 +/- 3%, but increased in the ischaemic group by 56 +/- 16% (p < 0.05). MPO activity of EDL muscle increased from 7.3 +/- 3.9 U per muscle (sham) to 28.0 +/- 5.9 U per muscle (p < 0.05) after ischemia and reperfusion. Morphologic analysis did not show any alteration in the microvascular bed of the hindlimb. Moreover, 1 mg/kg/h intravenous (i.v.) cloricromene, an antithrombotic drug that inhibits superoxide anion production as well as PMN adhesion to endothelium, reduced the increase in plasma CK and LDH and the increase in MPO and HVR observed in animals subjected to hindlimb ischemia.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsR Cirillo, E Salvatico, G Aliev, M Prosdocimi
JournalJournal of cardiovascular pharmacology (J Cardiovasc Pharmacol) Vol. 20 Issue 6 Pg. 969-75 (Dec 1992) ISSN: 0160-2446 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1282601 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • cloricromen
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Peroxidase
  • Creatine Kinase
  • Chromonar
  • Ibuprofen
  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure (drug effects)
  • Chromonar (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Creatine Kinase (metabolism)
  • Heart Rate (drug effects)
  • Hindlimb (blood supply)
  • Ibuprofen (pharmacology)
  • Ischemia (pathology)
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase (metabolism)
  • Leukocytes (enzymology, physiology)
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Peroxidase (metabolism)
  • Rabbits
  • Reperfusion Injury (pathology)
  • Vascular Resistance (drug effects)

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