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[The value of reticulated platelet counts in diagnosing thrombocytopenic disorders].

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the significance of reticulated platelets (RPs) in the diagnosis of thrombocytopenic disorders and the relationship between RPs and the proliferative degree of megakaryocyte (MK) in bone marrow.
METHODS:
With thiazole orange as a fluorescent dye, RPs were measured by analyzing the RNA content in platelets with flow cytometry and the percent and absolute counts of RPs were calculated.
RESULTS:
(1) The percent and absolute counts of the RPs in a normal group were (8.4 +/- 2.5)% and (16.8 +/- 6.8) x 10(9)/L respectively. (2) As compared with the normal group, the patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and hypersplenism had a significantly high percent and low absolute counts of RPs (P < 0.01). In patients with aplastic anemia, both the percent and absolute counts of RPs were at low levels (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). There was no difference of RP percentage between the patients with acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes and normal controls, but the absolute counts of RPs in the former was significantly lower than that in the latter. There was no difference between the percent and absolute counts of RPs among ITP patients with different proliferative degree of MK in bone marrow. (3) In all the diseases mentioned above, it was shown that RP percentage returned to normal in the effective cases after treatment, but no such change was found in the ineffective cases.
CONCLUSIONS:
Reticulated platelet counts contribute to the aetiology determination of the thrombocytopenia. It is also a valuable diagnostic method and a monitoring marker. There is no relationship between reticulated platelet counts and the counts of MK proliferation in bone marrow.
AuthorsXiao-jun Guo, Ping-yang Shao, Pei-lin Zhu, Jian-jun Zhu, Hui-fang Wang
JournalZhonghua nei ke za zhi (Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi) Vol. 42 Issue 1 Pg. 41-3 (Jan 2003) ISSN: 0578-1426 [Print] China
PMID12757664 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cell Division
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Megakaryocytes (pathology)
  • Middle Aged
  • Platelet Count
  • Thrombocytopenia (pathology)

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