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[Anticoagulation and antiaggregation in neurological patients].

Abstract
Aspirin is the drug of choice in most patients with acute stroke, if thrombolysis is contraindicated. Heparin is only used in acute stroke due to cerebral venous thrombosis, extracranial carotid or vertebral artery dissection and cardiac emboli with high risk of recurrence. In the prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with a noncardioembolic ischemic stroke antiplatelet agents are used. Aspirin is the first-line agent. Clopidogrel or a combination aspirin/dipyridamol are recommended for patients with several risk factors or recurrent cerebrovascular events. Warfarin has demonstrated a clear efficacy in stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation, cerebral venous thrombosis and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. Other, less well established possible indications for warfarin in the secondary prevention of stroke are symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis, large aortic atheroma, extracranial carotid or vertebral artery dissection and patent foramen ovale.
AuthorsM Arnold, K Nedeltchev, H P Mattle
JournalTherapeutische Umschau. Revue theĢrapeutique (Ther Umsch) Vol. 60 Issue 1 Pg. 33-5 (Jan 2003) ISSN: 0040-5930 [Print] Switzerland
Vernacular TitleAntikoagulation und Antiaggregation beim neurologischen Patienten.
PMID12638476 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Anticoagulants
  • Fibrinolytic Agents
  • Placebos
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • Warfarin
  • Dipyridamole
  • Heparin
  • clopidogrel
  • Ticlopidine
  • Aspirin
Topics
  • Acute Disease
  • Administration, Oral
  • Aged
  • Anticoagulants (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Aspirin (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Dipyridamole (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Fibrinolytic Agents (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Heparin (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Humans
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Middle Aged
  • Placebos
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Recurrence
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke (drug therapy, etiology, prevention & control)
  • Ticlopidine (administration & dosage, analogs & derivatives, therapeutic use)
  • Warfarin (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)

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