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The variant hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 activates the P1 promoter of the human alpha-folate receptor gene in ovarian carcinoma.

Abstract
The alpha folate receptor (alpha FR) is a membrane glycoprotein that binds folates, and mediates their uptake and that of antifolate drugs. alpha FR is absent on ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) but is detectable during early transforming events in this epithelium, with increasing expression levels in association with tumor progression. Analysis of transcriptional regulation of the alpha FR gene have revealed two promoter regions, P1 and P4, flanking exons 1 and 4, respectively, and a requirement for three SP1 sites and an INR element for optimal P4 activity. Here, we focused on the P1 transcription regulation in ovarian carcinoma cells. RNase protection assay indicated that the 5'-untranslated region is heterogeneous because of different start sites and alternative splicing of exon 3. A core region of the P1 promoter was sufficient for maximal promoter activity in ovarian carcinoma cell lines but not in OSE cells or in alpha FR-nonexpressing cell lines. Deletion and mutation analysis of this core promoter identified a cis-regulatory element at position +27 to +33 of the untranslated exon 1, which is responsible for maximum P1 activity. This element formed an abundant DNA-protein complex with nuclear proteins from ovarian cancer cells but not from other cell lines or OSE cells. Competition experiments and supershift assays demonstrated binding of the P1 cis-regulatory element by a transcription factor involved in embryonic development, the variant hepatocyte nuclear factor-1 (vHNF1). Analysis of RNA from various cell lines and surgical specimens confirmed that vHNF1 is expressed in ovarian carcinomas. Thus, vHNF1 regulates tissue-specific transcription in ovarian carcinoma.
AuthorsAntonella Tomassetti, Fabio Mangiarotti, Mimma Mazzi, Sabrina Sforzini, Silvia Miotti, Enrico Galmozzi, Patrick C Elwood, Silvana Canevari
JournalCancer research (Cancer Res) Vol. 63 Issue 3 Pg. 696-704 (Feb 1 2003) ISSN: 0008-5472 [Print] United States
PMID12566316 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • 5' Untranslated Regions
  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Folate Receptors, GPI-Anchored
  • HNF1A protein, human
  • HNF1B protein, human
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Transcription Factors
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
Topics
  • 5' Untranslated Regions
  • Base Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins (genetics)
  • DNA-Binding Proteins (genetics, metabolism)
  • Female
  • Folate Receptors, GPI-Anchored
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic (physiology)
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Ovarian Neoplasms (genetics, metabolism)
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic (genetics)
  • RNA, Messenger (biosynthesis, genetics)
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Transcription Factors (metabolism, physiology)
  • Transcriptional Activation (physiology)
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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