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The endothelin axis: emerging role in cancer.

Abstract
Collectively, the endothelins and their receptors--referred to as the endothelin (ET) axis--have key physiological functions in normal tissue, acting as modulators of vasomotor tone, tissue differentiation, development, cell proliferation and hormone production. Based on new data, the ET axis also functions in the growth and progression of various tumours. Preliminary results from clinical trials, such as those with atrasentan--an ET(A)-receptor antagonist--in prostate cancer, are encouraging. The place of ET-receptor antagonists in cancer therapy for a range of malignancies merits further investigation.
AuthorsJoel Nelson, Anna Bagnato, Bruno Battistini, Perry Nisen
JournalNature reviews. Cancer (Nat Rev Cancer) Vol. 3 Issue 2 Pg. 110-6 (Feb 2003) ISSN: 1474-175X [Print] England
PMID12563310 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
  • Endothelins
  • Pyrrolidines
  • Receptor, Endothelin A
  • Receptors, Endothelin
  • atrasentan
Topics
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antineoplastic Agents (pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
  • Endothelins (physiology)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasms (physiopathology)
  • Prostatic Neoplasms (drug therapy, physiopathology)
  • Protein Conformation
  • Pyrrolidines
  • Receptor, Endothelin A
  • Receptors, Endothelin (chemistry, physiology)

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