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Direct demonstration of long latency cortico-cortical inhibition in normal subjects and in a patient with vascular parkinsonism.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
The motor evoked potential to a single suprathreshold transcranial magnetic stimulus (TMS) is suppressed by a preceding stimulus given 100-200 ms before (long latency intracortical inhibition, LICI). The effect is enhanced in patients with Parkinson's disease. Although previous studies have agreed that the effect is cortical, there is disagreement over exactly which cortical mechanisms are involved. The aim of this study was to provide further evidence for cortical involvement in LICI.
METHODS:
Recordings of corticospinal volleys evoked by the TMS stimulation were made from electrodes inserted into the cervical epidural space of 4 conscious subjects. Three of the patients had received the electrodes for treatment of lumbo-sacral pain; the other patient had vascular parkinsonism, and had the electrode implanted to evaluate its effect on cerebral blood flow. The number and amplitude of the volleys were compared with and without a conditioning stimulus.
RESULTS:
In 3 pain patients, a conditioning stimulus suppressed the later components of the corticospinal volley (I2 and later waves) when the interval between stimuli was 100-150 ms; at 50 ms the responses were enhanced. Early components of the volley were not affected. Inhibition was much more pronounced and involved all descending volleys except the D wave in the patient with vascular parkinsonism.
CONCLUSIONS:
LICI, which is conventionally described in EMG recordings, is also evident in recordings of descending corticospinal volleys and appears enhanced in a patient with vascular parkinsonism.
AuthorsV Di Lazzaro, A Oliviero, P Mazzone, F Pilato, E Saturno, A Insola, M Visocchi, C Colosimo, P A Tonali, J C Rothwell
JournalClinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (Clin Neurophysiol) Vol. 113 Issue 11 Pg. 1673-9 (Nov 2002) ISSN: 1388-2457 [Print] Netherlands
PMID12417219 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article)
Topics
  • Back Pain (physiopathology)
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation (physiology)
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders (pathology, physiopathology)
  • Electrodes, Implanted
  • Electromagnetic Fields
  • Epidural Space
  • Evoked Potentials, Motor (physiology)
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality (physiology)
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Cortex (pathology, physiopathology)
  • Neural Pathways (physiopathology)
  • Parkinson Disease (pathology, physiopathology)
  • Spinal Cord (physiopathology)
  • Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation

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