Structural elucidation studies on 14- and 16-membered macrolide aglycones by accurate-mass electrospray sequential mass spectrometry.

Collision induced dissociation sequential mass spectrometry was used to investigate the fragmentation of the heptaketide macrolide aglycones, 6-deoxyerythronolide B (6-dEB), erythronolide B (EB), and acetate-starter EB (Ac-EB). The fragmentations of two previously reported octaketide analogs produced by "stuttering" of the erythromycin polyketide synthase, stuttered-6-dEB and acetate-starter stuttered-6-dEB were also studied. The accuracy with which the mass of each fragment was measured allowed it to be attributed to an unambiguous formula. Most of the experiments were repeated using samples dissolved in deuterated solvents. These data were then used to deduce plausible fragmentation pathways of the five compounds which were shown to have a high degree of similarity. Preliminary fragmentation analysis of a novel octaketide analog was performed and the structure was predicted as stuttered EB. Subsequent scale-up of the bacterial fermentations, followed by isolation and characterization by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy confirmed this prediction. Further fragmentation experiments were then performed on this compound, which provided further evidence of the similarity of the fragmentation schemes. These results demonstrate the utility of collision induced dissociation sequential mass spectrometry analysis in the preliminary screening of bacterial fermentations for new polyketides. These studies were performed by electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.
AuthorsMarc Roddis, Paul Gates, Ylva Roddis, James Staunton
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (J Am Soc Mass Spectrom) Vol. 13 Issue 7 Pg. 862-74 (Jul 2002) ISSN: 1044-0305 [Print] United States
PMID12148810 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • 6-deoxyerythronolide B
  • Erythromycin
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents (chemistry)
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Erythromycin (analogs & derivatives, chemistry)
  • Fermentation
  • Fourier Analysis
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Multienzyme Complexes (chemistry, metabolism)
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization

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