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Vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage: evidence against functional upregulation of Rho kinase constrictor pathway.

Abstract
This study tested the hypothesis that vasospasm due to subarachnoid hemorrhage involves the functional upregulation of Rho kinase. Spasm of the rabbit basilar artery was achieved using a double hemorrhage model, which we previously demonstrated was endothelin-1 dependent. In situ effects of agents were determined by direct measurement of vessel diameter following their suffusion in a cranial window. Y-27632, a Rho kinase inhibitor, relaxed the spasm. However, relaxations to Y-27632 were not significantly greater in endothelin-1 constricted spastic vessels initially relaxed with the endothelin converting enzyme inhibitor, phosphoramidon, as compared to endothelin-1 constricted control vessels. These results suggest that, at least in the rabbit double subarachnoid hemorrhage model, vasospasm does not involve the functional upregulation of Rho kinase.
AuthorsSeonghun Yoon, Jonathan D Sherman, Mario Zuccarello, Robert M Rapoport
JournalNeurological research (Neurol Res) Vol. 24 Issue 4 Pg. 392-4 (Jun 2002) ISSN: 0161-6412 [Print] England
PMID12069288 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Amides
  • Endothelin-1
  • Glycopeptides
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Muscle Relaxants, Central
  • Protease Inhibitors
  • Pyridines
  • Y 27632
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • rho-Associated Kinases
  • phosphoramidon
Topics
  • Amides (pharmacokinetics, pharmacology)
  • Animals
  • Basilar Artery (drug effects)
  • Endothelin-1 (pharmacology)
  • Glycopeptides (pharmacology)
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Male
  • Muscle Relaxants, Central (pharmacokinetics, pharmacology)
  • Protease Inhibitors (pharmacology)
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases (antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism)
  • Pyridines (pharmacokinetics, pharmacology)
  • Rabbits
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (complications, metabolism)
  • Vasoconstriction (drug effects)
  • Vasospasm, Intracranial (enzymology, etiology, pathology)
  • rho-Associated Kinases

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