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The role of sexual related Y gene detection in the diagnosis of patients with gonadal dysgenesis.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
To clarify the role of sexual related Y (SRY) gene detection in the diagnosis of gonadal dysgenesis.
METHODS:
Sixteen cases of gonadal dysgenesis were included in this study: 5 with androgen insensitivity syndrome, 1 with 17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, 4 with true hermaphrodite, 2 with 45, X/46, XY gonadal dysgenesis, 1 with 45, X gonadal dysgenesis, 1 with XY pure gonadal dysgenesis, 1 with testicular regression, and 1 XY female who gave birth to a normal baby. SRY gene was detected by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in blood and gonad samples and by direct sequencing of the SRY motif.
RESULTS:
Among the 16 cases, 15 were blood SRY positive, among which 13 (86.7%) showed the presence of testicular tissue, and 2 showed ovaries without testicular tissue. One SRY negative case showed the presence of testicular tissue. In 3 cases, SRY detection in gonadal tissue correlated with pathological findings but not with blood karyotype. The correlation between peripheral blood SRY and the pathology of the gonads was 81.25% and the correlation between the presence of peripheral blood Y chromosome and pathology of the gonads was 68.75%. Sequencing of the SRY motif in an XY female who gave birth to a normal baby showed no mutation.
CONCLUSIONS:
SRY detection is more sensitive and specific than blood karyotype in the prediction of the presence of testicular tissue. Peripheral blood karyotype does not necessarily reflect gonadal type. There may be testicular related factors other than the SRY gene.
AuthorsQ Yu, S Huang, L Ye, L Feng, F He, J Ye, C Gu, Q Ge
JournalChinese medical journal (Chin Med J (Engl)) Vol. 114 Issue 2 Pg. 128-31 (Feb 2001) ISSN: 0366-6999 [Print] China
PMID11780190 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • SRY protein, human
  • Sex-Determining Region Y Protein
  • Transcription Factors
  • DNA
Topics
  • DNA (genetics)
  • DNA-Binding Proteins (genetics)
  • Female
  • Gonadal Dysgenesis (diagnosis, genetics)
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sex-Determining Region Y Protein
  • Transcription Factors

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