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Peripheral blood mononuclear cell responses to major and minor Dermatophagoides allergens in canine atopic dermatitis.

Abstract
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory and pruritic skin disease commonly seen in dogs and humans. Most cases involve hypersensitivity to the house dust mites (HDM) Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Human atopic dermatitis is associated with the HDM derived allergens Der f 1 and 2, and Der p 1 and 2. Serological data, however, suggest that a 98/104kD protein is the most important allergen in dogs with atopic dermatitis. The aim of this study was to characterise the specificity of circulating T-cells in canine atopic dermatitis for HDM derived allergens. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from dogs with atopic dermatitis that were skin test positive for D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus were cultured with crude extracts of D. farinae, D. pteronyssinus and D. microceras, a 98/104kD allergen purified from D. farinae, Der f 1 and Der f 2. There was significantly greater responsiveness of PBMCs to the D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus extracts compared to the D. microceras extract, and similarly to the purified 98/104kD allergen compared to Der f 1 and Der f 2. The close association between serological findings and PBMC proliferation implies that the 98/104kD HDM protein is a major target of immune recognition and that T-cells also participate in the pathogenesis of canine atopic dermatitis by supporting IgE production.
AuthorsT J Nuttall, A D Pemberton, J R Lamb, P B Hill
JournalVeterinary immunology and immunopathology (Vet Immunol Immunopathol) Vol. 84 Issue 3-4 Pg. 143-50 (Jan 15 2002) ISSN: 0165-2427 [Print] Netherlands
PMID11777530 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Allergens
  • Antigens, Dermatophagoides
  • Glycoproteins
Topics
  • Allergens (administration & dosage)
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Dermatophagoides
  • Dermatitis, Atopic (etiology, immunology, veterinary)
  • Dog Diseases (etiology, immunology)
  • Dogs
  • Glycoproteins (administration & dosage)
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear (immunology)
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Mites (immunology)
  • T-Lymphocytes (immunology)

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