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Correlation between messenger RNA expression of cytochrome P450 aromatase and its enzyme activity during oocyte development in the red seabream (Pagrus major).

Abstract
In teleosts, estradiol-17beta (E2) is an important hormone responsible for oocyte development. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying E2 biosynthesis, we characterized the structure of red seabream (Pagrus major) cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450(arom)) that is directly involved in E2 biosynthesis and found changes in mRNA levels of P450(arom) during oocyte development induced by implantation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue. A cDNA clone encoding P450(arom) is 1779 base pairs in length and encodes a protein of 519 amino acids in length, with a calculated molecular weight of 58.9 kDa. Northern blot analysis showed that P450(arom) mRNA levels increased gradually from Day 8, when oocytes reached the secondary yolk globule stage, and were maintained at high levels at the day of spawning (Day 15). The P450(arom) mRNA levels increased in association with an increase of the gonadosomatic index (gonad weight/body weight x 100%), serum E2, and P450(arom) enzyme activity (in vitro conversion of testosterone to E2 in the ovarian fragments). Furthermore, an increase in mRNA levels of the LHbeta, but not FSHbeta, correlated with increased P450(arom) mRNA levels during the course of ovarian development. In addition, the levels of P450(arom) mRNA increased in isolated ovarian follicles during the course of vitellogenic oocyte growth and became undetectable in follicles at the migratory nucleus and the mature stages. These findings, together with those of the previous studies, suggest that LH, not FSH, may regulate E2 biosynthesis via increased levels of P450(arom) mRNA during oocyte development of red seabream.
AuthorsK Gen, K Okuzawa, N Kumakura, S Yamaguchi, H Kagawa
JournalBiology of reproduction (Biol Reprod) Vol. 65 Issue 4 Pg. 1186-94 (Oct 2001) ISSN: 0006-3363 [Print] United States
PMID11566742 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Gonadotropins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Estradiol
  • Aromatase
Topics
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Aromatase (chemistry, genetics, metabolism)
  • Base Pairing
  • DNA, Complementary (chemistry, isolation & purification)
  • Estradiol (biosynthesis, blood)
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Gonadotropins (genetics)
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Oocytes (physiology)
  • Ovarian Follicle (physiology)
  • Ovary (chemistry)
  • RNA, Messenger (analysis)
  • Sea Bream (physiology)
  • Sequence Homology

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