Efficacy of narasin in the prevention of necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens.

The efficacy of narasin in the control of necrotic enteritis (NE) was investigated in a floor pen study of 2000 broiler chickens using a Clostridium perfringens feed inoculum challenge model. Treatments were 1) nonmedicated, nonchallenged; 2) nonmedicated, challenged; 3) narasin, nonchallenged; 4) narasin, challenged. Narasin was administered at 70 ppm in the feed from day 0 to trial termination on day 41. Challenge inoculum contained approximately 1 x 10(8) colony-forming units CP/ml and was administered from day 14 to day 16. In the unmedicated groups, challenged birds had significantly (P < 0.05) lower mean body weight and reduced feed efficiency at day 21 and significantly (P < 0.01) higher cumulative NE mortality at day 41 compared with unchallenged. Similarly, among unmedicated birds, those challenged had a significantly (P < 0.01) higher mean NE score on day 17 and significantly (P < 0.05) higher mean huddling scores on days 15-17 than unchallenged. Among challenged birds, those fed narasin had significantly (P < 0.05) higher mean body weight and improved feed efficiency at days 21 and 41 and significantly (P < 0.01) lower cumulative NE mortality at day 41 than unmedicated. Similarly, among challenged birds, those receiving narasin had a lower mean NE score on day 17 (P > 0.05) and significantly (P < 0.05) lower huddling scores on days 16 and 17 than unmedicated. Coccidiosis lesion scores were zero for birds euthanatized from all treatment groups on day 17, suggesting that the beneficial effects of narasin were not due to prevention of coccidiosis. This study thus provides evidence that narasin is effective in the prevention of necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens.
AuthorsJ Brennan, R Bagg, D Barnum, J Wilson, P Dick
JournalAvian diseases (Avian Dis) 2001 Jan-Mar Vol. 45 Issue 1 Pg. 210-4 ISSN: 0005-2086 [Print] United States
PMID11332485 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Pyrans
  • narasin
  • Animal Feed (microbiology)
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents (therapeutic use)
  • Body Weight
  • Chickens
  • Clostridium Infections (prevention & control, veterinary)
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Coccidiosis (pathology, prevention & control, veterinary)
  • Enteritis (prevention & control, veterinary)
  • Poultry Diseases (prevention & control)
  • Pyrans (therapeutic use)

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