A randomized controlled crossover study comparing synthetic porcine and human secretins with biologically derived porcine secretin to diagnose Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome.

Although biologically-derived porcine secretin is approved for the diagnosis of Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome, it is no longer available in the United States. Pure human and porcine secretins have now been synthesized and new drug applications have been filed with the Federal Drug Administration (FDA).
In the current study we compared secretin testing results in six confirmed Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome patients using the biologically-derived product and both synthetic products (human and porcine) in a three-way, randomized, single-blind Latin-squares crossover study.
Using the FDA-approved criterion for positive secretin testing (i.e. a serum gastrin concentration increase of > 110 pg/mL), there was complete agreement between all three agents for all patients. With the more stringent NIH criterion (i.e. a serum gastrin concentration increase of > 200 pg/mL), positive results persisted in five out of six, six out of six and four out of six patients using biologically-derived secretin, synthetic porcine secretin, and synthetic human secretin, respectively (six out of six, six out of six and four out of six if a positive test was defined as a 50% increase in serum gastrin concentration). The time to peak serum gastrin concentration after secretin injection occurred within 15 min in all studies (in 94% by 10 min and in 77% by 5 min). Three-way comparisons of serum gastrin concentrations showed a single statistically significant difference (the change from baseline at 15 min between synthetic human and synthetic porcine secretin, P=0.0274). Statistically significant changes from baseline occurred at 1, 2 and 5 min for biologically-derived porcine secretin and at 2 and 5 min for both synthetic porcine and synthetic human secretin, in keeping with the expected time curve for positive tests. All three agents were well-tolerated.
These data suggest that either synthetic secretin product, when released onto the United States market, can be used to confirm Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome.
AuthorsD C Metz, M Buchanan, E Purich, S Fein
JournalAlimentary pharmacology & therapeutics (Aliment Pharmacol Ther) Vol. 15 Issue 5 Pg. 669-76 (May 2001) ISSN: 0269-2813 [Print] England
PMID11328261 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Gastrins
  • Gastrointestinal Agents
  • Secretin
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Female
  • Gastrins (blood)
  • Gastrointestinal Agents (pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Secretin (pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Swine
  • Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome (diagnosis)

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