[Support of spontaneous atrioventricular conduction in patients with DDR(R) pacemakers: effectiveness and safety].

In a prospective and randomized multicenter study using a cross-over protocol we compared the efficacy and the safety of the ELA medical mode-switch algorithm (DDD/AMC = DDD to AAI) to conventional DDD stimulation in patients with spontaneous AV conduction.
Forty-eight patients with a mean age of 67 +/- 13 years were included. Underlying heart disease was present in 54%. Pacemaker indications were paroxysmal AV block (21%), sick-sinus syndrome (46%), paroxysmal AV block + sick-sinus syndrome (31%) and tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome (8%). Patients were excluded from the study in case of a permanent 1st to 3rd degree AV block, a right bundle-branch block with QRS > 120 ms, severe coronary heart disease or idiopathic cardiomyopathy. The programming of the pacemaker was randomized to either DDD/AMC or DDD and was crossed over after 1 month. The AV interval (AVI) which was programmed in conventional DDD pacing was calculated as AVI = PR (or AR) + 30 ms at rest or as AVI = PR (or AR) - 50 ms during exercise. When the DDD/AMC mode was programmed, the AV interval was calculated automatically. We analyzed the AV interval, the frequency of ventricular pacing, the number of pacemaker-induced tachycardias, the number of atrial tachyarrhythmias, and the final programming which was left to the physician's choice.
The AV interval after conventional DDD stimulation was 201 +/- 38 ms vs 195 +/- 28 ms with DDD/AMC (p = ns). Ventricular stimulation was significantly less often in the DDD/AMC mode than in the DDD mode (15 +/- 17% vs 48 +/- 37%, p < 0.001). Thereby the DDD/AMC algorithm led to a 69% reduction of ventricular pacing which means an approximately 5.5 months prolongation of the battery lifetime. There was no significant difference in the incidence of pacemaker-induced tachycardias. At the end of the study 77% of the physicians programmed the DDD/AMC mode.
The analyzed DDD/AMC mode-switch algorithm leads to a significant reduction of ventricular pacing in patients with spontaneous AV conduction or with only paroxysmal AV block. Thereby the battery lifetime is prolonged and the incidence of complications due to ventricular pacing can be reduced.
AuthorsE Himmrich, L I Krämer, W Fischer, T Dörr, H Reinecke,
JournalHerz (Herz) Vol. 26 Issue 1 Pg. 69-74 (Feb 2001) ISSN: 0340-9937 [Print] Germany
Vernacular TitleUnterstützung der spontanen atrioventrikulären Uberleitung bei Patienten mit DDD(R)-Schrittmachern. Effektivität und Sicherheit.
PMID11258112 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Comparative Study, English Abstract, Journal Article, Multicenter Study, Randomized Controlled Trial)
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Algorithms
  • Atrioventricular Node (physiology)
  • Bradycardia (therapy)
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Female
  • Heart Block (therapy)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pacemaker, Artificial (adverse effects)
  • Sick Sinus Syndrome (therapy)
  • Tachycardia (etiology, therapy)
  • Time Factors

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