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Cryptosporidium parvum: functional complementation of a parasite transcriptional coactivator CpMBF1 in yeast.

Abstract
We report here the identification of a novel multiprotein bridging factor type 1 from the apicomplexan Cryptosporidium parvum (CpMBF1), one of the opportunistic pathogens in AIDS patients. In slime molds, insects, and humans, MBF1-regulated systems have been associated with cell differentiation, which indicates that CpMBF1 could be responsible for the activation of similar systems in C. parvum during its complex life cycle. Because of the difficulties and high cost in obtaining sufficient and purified C. parvum material for molecular and biochemical analyses, well-characterized yeast genetic systems may be useful for investigating the functions of C. parvum genes. In this study, the function of CpMBF1 as an interconnecting element between a DNA-binding regulator and TATA-box-binding protein (TBP) was confirmed using a yeast complementation assay. Under conditions of histidine starvation, an MBF1-deficient strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was unable to activate the HIS3 gene, which encodes imidazoleglycerol-phosphate dehydratase (IGPDH), and thus became sensitive to 3-amino triazole, an inhibitor of this enzyme. Upon introduction of parasite CpMBF1 into S. cerevisiae, 3-amino triazole resistance of the MBF1-deficient strain was restored to wild-type levels, and Northern blot analysis revealed that CpMBF1 was able to activate HIS3 transcription in response to histidine starvation.
AuthorsG Zhu, M J LaGier, S Hirose, J S Keithly
JournalExperimental parasitology (Exp Parasitol) Vol. 96 Issue 4 Pg. 195-201 (Dec 2000) ISSN: 0014-4894 [Print] United States
PMID11162372 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
CopyrightCopyright 2000 Academic Press.
Chemical References
  • MBF1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
Topics
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cryptosporidium parvum (chemistry, genetics)
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae (genetics, growth & development)
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Trans-Activators (chemistry, genetics, physiology)
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcriptional Activation (genetics)

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