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(2,2':6',2"-Terpyridine)platinum(II) complexes are irreversible inhibitors of Trypanosoma cruzi trypanothione reductase but not of human glutathione reductase.

Abstract
(2,2':6',2"-terpyridine)platinum(II) complexes possess pronounced cytostatic activities against trypanosomes and leishmania. As shown here, the complexes are irreversible inhibitors of trypanothione reductase (TR) from Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease. The most effective derivatives are the (4'-chloro-2, 2':6',2"-terpyridine)platinum(II) ammine and the (4-picoline)(4'-p-bromophenyl-2,2':6',2" -terpyridine)platinum(II) complexes which in the presence of NADPH inhibit TR with second-order rate constants of about 1.3 x 10(4) M(-1) s(-1). The modified enzyme species possess increased oxidase activities. The inhibition is not reversed upon dialysis or treatment with low-molecular-mass thiols. Kinetic and spectroscopic data suggest that Cys52 in the active site has been specifically altered. Inhibition of this key enzyme of parasite thiol metabolism probably contributes to the antitrypanosomal activity of the compounds. In contrast to the parasite enzyme, most (terpyridine)platinum complexes interact only reversibly with human glutathione reductase and an initial inhibition is completely abolished during the course of the assay.
AuthorsS Bonse, J M Richards, S A Ross, G Lowe, R L Krauth-Siegel
JournalJournal of medicinal chemistry (J Med Chem) Vol. 43 Issue 25 Pg. 4812-21 (Dec 14 2000) ISSN: 0022-2623 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID11123991 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • (4-picoline)(4'-p-bromophenyl-2,2'-6',2''-terpyridine)platinum(II)
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Ligands
  • Organoplatinum Compounds
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds
  • Trypanocidal Agents
  • ammine(4'-chloro-2,2'-6',2''-terpyridine)platinum(II)
  • 2,2'-Dipyridyl
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases
  • trypanothione reductase
  • Glutathione Reductase
Topics
  • 2,2'-Dipyridyl (analogs & derivatives, chemical synthesis, chemistry)
  • Animals
  • Dialysis
  • Enzyme Inhibitors (chemical synthesis, chemistry)
  • Glutathione Reductase (antagonists & inhibitors, chemistry)
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Ligands
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases (antagonists & inhibitors, chemistry)
  • Organoplatinum Compounds (chemical synthesis, chemistry)
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds (chemistry)
  • Trypanocidal Agents (chemical synthesis, chemistry)
  • Trypanosoma cruzi (chemistry)

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