Can monovalent hepatitis A and B vaccines be replaced by a combined hepatitis A/B vaccine during the primary immunization course?

A combined hepatitis A/B vaccine (Twinrix Adult) has been licensed in Germany since 1997. We investigated possible differences in immunogenicity and safety when changing over from vaccinations with monovalent vaccines made by different manufacturers to vaccinations with the combined hepatitis A/B vaccine in an open, randomized, multicenter trial. We therefore compared four different schemes changing over from concomitant vaccinations with monovalent vaccines against hepatitis A and B (Havrix 1440+Engerix-B or Vaqta+Gen H-B-Vax) to combined vaccination against hepatitis A+B with three injections of the combined hepatitis A/B vaccine (0, 1, and 6 month schedule). Local and general symptoms were mostly mild in all five groups. With complete three-dose course using the combined vaccine or an early changeover from monovalent vaccines to the combined vaccine, higher overall anti-HBs seroprotection rates and geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) against hepatitis B could be achieved as early as after 2 months as compared to those groups switching later to the combined vaccine. This study demonstrated for the first time that switching from monovalent hepatitis A and B vaccinations to the combined hepatitis A and B vaccination has no negative influence on the tolerability and improves the immunogenicity.
AuthorsB Kallinowski, A Knöll, E Lindner, R Sänger, W Stremmel, J Vollmar, B Zieger, W Jilg
JournalVaccine (Vaccine) Vol. 19 Issue 1 Pg. 16-22 (Aug 15 2000) ISSN: 0264-410X [Print] ENGLAND
PMID10924782 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Controlled Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Multicenter Study)
Chemical References
  • Hepatitis A Antibodies
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines
  • Hepatitis Antibodies
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Combined
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Hepatitis A Antibodies
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines
  • Hepatitis Antibodies (blood)
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies (blood)
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Humans
  • Immunity (drug effects)
  • Middle Aged
  • Vaccines, Combined (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines (administration & dosage, adverse effects)

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