HOMEPRODUCTSSERVICESCOMPANYCONTACTFAQResearchDictionaryPharmaMobileSign Up FREE or Login

Drugs for treating giardiasis.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
There can be a high rate of recurrence of disease after initial drug treatment for giardiasis. These drugs also have a range of adverse effects.
OBJECTIVES:
The objective of this review was to assess the effects of drug treatments for giardiasis.
SEARCH STRATEGY:
We searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group trials register, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Medline and Embase, Current Contents, reference lists of articles.
SELECTION CRITERIA:
Randomised and quasi-randomised trials of drug therapy for giardiasis compared with placebo or another drug.
DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:
Two reviewers independently assessed trial quality and extracted data.
MAIN RESULTS:
Thirty-four trials were included. Only one trial was without serious methodological flaws. Compared with placebo, drug treatment was associated with an improved cure rate (odds ratio 11.5, 95% confidence interval 2.3 to 58). Metronidazole treatment longer than three days had a better parasitological cure rate than other long treatment courses (odds ratio 2.4, 95% confidence interval 1.3 to 4.4), but there was significant heterogeneity between the trials. Single dose therapy appeared equally effective as longer treatment courses (odds ratio 0.33, 95% confidence interval 0.08 to 1.34). Within the single dose regimens, tinidazole had a comparable parasitological cure rate to other short therapies (odds ratio 3.4, 95% confidence interval 0.95 to 12), but had a higher clinical cure rate (odds ratio 5.3, 95% 2.7-10.7).
REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS:
A single dose of tinidazole appears to give the highest clinical cure rate for giardiasis with relatively few adverse effects.
AuthorsJ O Zaat, T h Mank, W J Assendelft
JournalThe Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Cochrane Database Syst Rev) Issue 2 Pg. CD000217 ( 2000) ISSN: 1469-493X [Electronic] ENGLAND
PMID10796511 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Antiprotozoal Agents
  • Tinidazole
  • Metronidazole
  • Furazolidone
Topics
  • Antiprotozoal Agents (therapeutic use)
  • Furazolidone (therapeutic use)
  • Giardiasis (drug therapy)
  • Humans
  • Metronidazole (therapeutic use)
  • Tinidazole (therapeutic use)

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!


Choose Username:
Email:
Password:
Verify Password: