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Osteogenic sarcoma. Immunologic parameters before and during immunotherapy with tumor-specific transfer factor.

Abstract
18 patients with osteogenic sarcoma were followed by serial measurements in vitro of tumor-specific cell-mediated cytotoxicity and of "active" and total rosette-forming T-cells. 13 of these patients have had or are currently receiving injections of osteogenic sarcoma-specific dialyzable transfer factor derived from healthy donors. In three patients with very small lesions, cytotoxicity was high before amputation and decreased within 2 mo after removal of tumor. Cytotoxicity was low at time of diagnosis in all patients with large tumor masses. The cytotoxicity of the patients' lymphocytes increased after administration of tumor-specific transfer factor in all patients so treated. Patients receiving nonspecific transfer factor showed evidence of declining cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Tumor-specific transfer factor may produce an increase in cell-mediated cytotoxicity to the tumor in patients with osteogenic sarcoma. This possibility is suggested by the pain and edema that occurred in the area of the tumor in patients who had metastatic disease when therapy was started and by lymphocytic infiltrates in the tumor, as well as by the increase in cell-mediated cytotoxicity and the increase in percentage of active rosette-forming cells from subnormal to normal. Serial measurements of cell-mediated cytotoxicity are helpful in monitoring the efficacy of transfer factor and other modes of therapy in these patients, and these measurements are the best available criteria for selection of donors of tumor-specific transfer factor.
AuthorsA S Levin, V S Byers, H H Fudenberg, J Wybran, A J Hackett, J O Johnston, L E Spitler
JournalThe Journal of clinical investigation (J Clin Invest) Vol. 55 Issue 3 Pg. 487-99 (Mar 1975) ISSN: 0021-9738 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1078826 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Topics
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Cell Line
  • Child
  • Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic
  • Erythrocytes (immunology)
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts
  • Humans
  • Immune Adherence Reaction
  • Immunity, Cellular
  • Immunity, Maternally-Acquired
  • Immunotherapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteosarcoma (immunology, therapy)
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Sheep (immunology)
  • T-Lymphocytes (immunology)

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