A new endogenous differentiating factor (myelopeptide-4) for myeloid cells.

Along with known lymphokines involved in the regulation of hematopoiesis, a new differentiating factor (myelopeptide-4, MP-4) for myeloid cells was found. The peptide (Phe-Arg-Pro-Arg-Ile-Met-Thr-Pro) originally isolated from the culture medium of porcine bone marrow cell culture was examined for its ability to induce differentiation in two human myeloid leukemia cell lines, HL-60 and K-562. Agents with well-known differentiation-inducing activity, such as phorbol myristate acetate, dimethylsulfoxide and the lymphokines were used as a reference. It has been shown that MP-4 significantly influences the integral characteristics of metabolism, expression of surface antigens and morphology of these cells. It decreased the level of chromosomal DNA synthesis and, in parallel, increased the total protein synthesis in both HL-60 and K-562 cells. MP-4 induced the expression of CD14 monocyte-specific surface antigen and the appearance of mature monocytes/macrophages in HL-60 cell cultures. There was a good correlation of cell metabolic/morphological changes and the CD14 marker expression for HL-60 cells. A similar phenomenon was observed in K-562 cells treated with MP-4 when the levels of hemoglobin synthesis were detected in their cytoplasm. Thus, we consider MP-4 as a new endogenous differentiating factor for myeloid cells.
AuthorsL A Strelkov, A A Mikhailova, L A Fonina, R V Petrov
JournalFEBS letters (FEBS Lett) Vol. 470 Issue 3 Pg. 281-4 (Mar 31 2000) ISSN: 0014-5793 [Print] NETHERLANDS
PMID10745082 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antigens, CD14
  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Hemoglobins
  • Lymphokines
  • Oligopeptides
  • myelopeptides
  • DNA
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
  • Dimethyl Sulfoxide
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antigens, CD14 (metabolism)
  • Cell Differentiation (drug effects)
  • Cell Division (drug effects)
  • Cell Size (drug effects)
  • Culture Media, Conditioned (pharmacology)
  • DNA (biosynthesis)
  • Dimethyl Sulfoxide (pharmacology)
  • HL-60 Cells
  • Hemoglobins (biosynthesis)
  • Humans
  • K562 Cells
  • Lymphokines (immunology, pharmacology)
  • Macrophages (cytology, drug effects, metabolism)
  • Monocytes (cytology, drug effects, metabolism)
  • Oligopeptides (chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • T-Lymphocytes (immunology)
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate (pharmacology)
  • Up-Regulation (drug effects)

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