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Two-dose combined vaccination against hepatitis A and B in healthy subjects aged 11-18 years.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
In this open, randomized trial the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity profile of a high-dose combined hepatitis A and B candidate vaccine was compared with that of Twinrix Paediatric in healthy volunteers aged 11-18 years.
METHODS:
One hundred subjects were randomly allocated to either of two groups. One group received the high-dose vaccine (720 E1.U HAV antigen; 20 microg hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) at months 0 and 6; the second group received Twinrix Paediatric (360 E1.U HAV antigen; 10 microg HBsAg), following a 0-1-6-month schedule.
RESULTS:
Injection site soreness and fatigue were the most frequently reported solicited symptoms. For hepatitis A all subjects had seroconverted at month 7, and geometric mean titres (GMT) were 8,151 mIU/ml in the high-dose group and 6,394 mIU/ml in the Twinrix Paediatric group. For hepatitis B the GMT for the Twinrix Paediatric group was significantly higher at month 2 and month 6. However, no difference in GMT between groups could be established at month 7. The seroprotection rate attained 100% in both groups, and GMT were 4,212 mIU/ml (high-dose group) and 6,330 mIU/ml (Twinrix Paediatric).
CONCLUSIONS:
The two vaccines showed similar safety and reactogenicity profiles. After completion of the vaccination schedule, no difference in immunogenicity was shown. This high-dose vaccine, administered following a two-dose schedule, can be considered an alternative regimen for the immunization of healthy adolescents against hepatitis A and hepatitis B infections, in a setting where vaccinees are not immediately at risk of exposure to hepatitis B.
AuthorsK Van Herck, P Van Damme, F Collard, S Thoelen
JournalScandinavian journal of gastroenterology (Scand J Gastroenterol) Vol. 34 Issue 12 Pg. 1236-40 (Dec 1999) ISSN: 0036-5521 [Print] NORWAY
PMID10636072 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial)
Chemical References
  • Hepatitis A Antibodies
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines
  • Hepatitis Antibodies
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Combined
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Female
  • Hepatitis A (immunology, prevention & control)
  • Hepatitis A Antibodies
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines
  • Hepatitis Antibodies (blood)
  • Hepatitis B (immunology, prevention & control)
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies (blood)
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines (administration & dosage, adverse effects, immunology)
  • Humans
  • Immunization Schedule
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Vaccines, Combined (administration & dosage, adverse effects, immunology)
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines (administration & dosage, adverse effects, immunology)

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