Transcriptional activation in yeast cells lacking transcription factor IIA.

The general transcription factor IIA (TFIIA) forms a complex with TFIID at the TATA promoter element, and it inhibits the function of several negative regulators of the TATA-binding protein (TBP) subunit of TFIID. Biochemical experiments suggest that TFIIA is important in the response to transcriptional activators because activation domains can interact with TFIIA, increase recruitment of TFIID and TFIIA to the promoter, and promote isomerization of the TFIID-TFIIA-TATA complex. Here, we describe a double-shut-off approach to deplete yeast cells of Toa1, the large subunit of TFIIA, to <1% of the wild-type level. Interestingly, such TFIIA-depleted cells are essentially unaffected for activation by heat shock factor, Ace1, and Gal4-VP16. However, depletion of TFIIA causes a general two- to threefold decrease of transcription from most yeast promoters and a specific cell-cycle arrest at the G2-M boundary. These results indicate that transcriptional activation in vivo can occur in the absence of TFIIA.
AuthorsS Chou, S Chatterjee, M Lee, K Struhl
JournalGenetics (Genetics) Vol. 153 Issue 4 Pg. 1573-81 (Dec 1999) ISSN: 0016-6731 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID10581267 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • TOA1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Transcription Factor TFIIA
  • Transcription Factors
  • RNA Polymerase III
  • Cell Cycle (genetics)
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA Polymerase III (genetics)
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae (cytology, genetics)
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Transcription Factor TFIIA
  • Transcription Factors (genetics, metabolism)
  • Transcriptional Activation

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