[Chemoimmunotherapy in the systemic treatment of advanced renal carcinoma].

Polychemotherapy and immunomodulating treatment using IL-2 and/or IFN-alpha produce objective responses in a proportion of advanced renal cell carcinoma patients. The goals of an improved cost effectiveness and therapeutic index of interleukin-2 and/or Interferon-alpha in combination with chemotherapeutic agents require the design of risk factor adapted individual therapeutic strategies for the outpatient setting. High dose i. v. IL-2 therapy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma has been proven effective [11]. Other modalities of applying IL-2 have been described [12-14] (Table 1). A cumulative risk-score identified three risk-groups with significant differences in median survival [16]. The SC use of IL-2 and INF-alpha has been established in the treatment of RCC [16, 23]. It appears that combination chemoimmunotherapy including p. o. retinoic acid is far more effective than single agent treatment. Further studies will have to be designed to improve therapeutic index and cost effectiveness in systemic combination therapy in metastatic RCC.
AuthorsJ Atzpodien, J Buer, S Sel, J Janssen, K Oevermann
JournalDer Urologe. Ausg. A (Urologe A) Vol. 38 Issue 5 Pg. 474-8 (Sep 1999) ISSN: 0340-2592 [Print] GERMANY
Vernacular TitleChemoimmuntherapie des fortgeschrittenen Nierenzellkarzinoms.
PMID10501706 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Interferon-alpha
  • Interleukin-2
  • Tretinoin
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols (therapeutic use)
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell (drug therapy, mortality, pathology)
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Humans
  • Interferon-alpha (administration & dosage)
  • Interleukin-2 (administration & dosage)
  • Kidney Neoplasms (drug therapy, mortality, pathology)
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tretinoin (administration & dosage)

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