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The prevalence of disability from chronic conditions due to injury among adults ages 18-69 years: United States, 1994.

AbstractPURPOSE:
To describe the causes and determine the prevalence of disability from chronic conditions due to injury among US civilian non-institutionalized persons aged 18-69 years.
METHODS:
Data from the National Health Interview Survey Disability (NHIS-D) Supplement Phase I, United States 1994 were analysed and six disability categories were examined: activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), functional activities (FA), sight, hearing, and communication.
RESULTS:
In 1994, 5.6 million persons aged 18-69 years reported a disability because of a chronic condition that was caused by injury. The prevalence of ADL disability due to chronic conditions caused by injury was 370 per 100000 population; IADL disability was 1256; FA disability was 2512; sight was 231; hearing was 339; and communication was 91 per 100000 population. Fifty per cent of ADL, IADL, and FA disabilities were attributed to motor vehicle crashes and falls, as were 31% of sight, 19% of hearing, and 23% of communication disabilities.
CONCLUSIONS:
Though these estimates may be conservative, this study indicates that injury is a major cause of disability in addition to a leading cause of death in the US.
AuthorsJ L Guerrero, J E Sniezek, M Sehgal
JournalDisability and rehabilitation (Disabil Rehabil) Vol. 21 Issue 4 Pg. 187-92 (Apr 1999) ISSN: 0963-8288 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID10390085 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cause of Death
  • Chronic Disease (epidemiology)
  • Disabled Persons (statistics & numerical data)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • United States (epidemiology)
  • Wounds and Injuries (complications, epidemiology)

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