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Vitamin D3 analogues improve café au lait spots in patients with von Recklinghausen's disease: experimental and clinical studies.

Abstract
Topical application of vitamin D3 analogues for 6 months was found to be effective in improving the pigmentation of café au lait spots in patients with von Recklinghausen's disease. Treatment of café au lait spots grafted onto nude mice with a vitamin D3 analogue caused suppression of bromodeoxy- uridine uptake in the cells of the basal layer. Vitamin D3 analogues also decreased melanin pigment in café au lait spots after 4 weeks of treatment. Thus, it is considered that long-term application of vitamin D3 analogues is effective both for improving the pigmentation of café au lait spots and suppressing the development of neurofibromas in patients with von Recklinghausen's disease.
AuthorsJ Nakayama, H Kiryu, K Urabe, S Matsuo, S Shibata, T Koga, M Furue
JournalEuropean journal of dermatology : EJD (Eur J Dermatol) 1999 Apr-May Vol. 9 Issue 3 Pg. 202-6 ISSN: 1167-1122 [Print] FRANCE
PMID10210785 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Dermatologic Agents
  • Dihydroxycholecalciferols
  • Melanins
  • Ointments
  • maxacalcitol
  • Cholecalciferol
  • 1 alpha,24-dihydroxyvitamin D3
  • Calcitriol
Topics
  • Administration, Topical
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Cafe-au-Lait Spots (drug therapy, etiology, metabolism)
  • Calcitriol (analogs & derivatives, therapeutic use)
  • Child
  • Cholecalciferol (analogs & derivatives, therapeutic use)
  • Dermatologic Agents (therapeutic use)
  • Dihydroxycholecalciferols (therapeutic use)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Melanins (metabolism)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 (complications, drug therapy)
  • Ointments (therapeutic use)

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