The relationship between plasma oestrone sulphate concentrations in pregnant dairy cattle and calf birth weight, calf viability, placental weight and placental expulsion.

A total of 54 Holstein-Friesian cows (13 primiparous and 41 multiparous) was used to study maternal plasma oestrone sulphate (E1S) during pregnancy and its relationship to birth weight and viability of calves and time required for placental expulsion after calving. Plasma samples were obtained from the tail vein of cows once every month from days 90 to 180, every 2 weeks from days 181 to 270, and every day from day 270 of gestation to parturition. The E1S concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay, and birth weight, placental measurements, neonatal viability and the period from calving to placental expulsion were recorded. E1S concentrations were correlated positively (0.71 > or = r > or = 0.32, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) with calf birth weight and weights of cotyledons, intercotyledonary membranes and total placenta from days 210 of gestation to 1 day prepartum. Calf birth weight was correlated positively (p < 0.01) with the weight of the cotyledons (r = 0.87), intercotyledonary membranes (r = 0.78) and total placenta (r = 0.88). In addition, E1S concentrations were positively correlated (0.63 > or = r > or = 0.28, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) with the neonatal viability after day 195 of pregnancy, and were negatively correlated (-0.29 > or = r > or = -0.55, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) with the intervals from parturition to placental expulsion after 225 days of pregnancy. The results suggest that variation among dams for circulating E1S levels during late pregnancy may be caused by variation of placental development and ability for oestrogen production and conjugation, and they may influence fetal growth, neonatal viability and retained placenta.
AuthorsW C Zhang, T Nakao, M Moriyoshi, K Nakada, T Ohtaki, A Y Ribadu, Y Tanaka
JournalAnimal reproduction science (Anim Reprod Sci) Vol. 54 Issue 3 Pg. 169-78 (Jan 8 1999) ISSN: 0378-4320 [Print] NETHERLANDS
PMID10066104 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Estrone
  • estrone sulfate
  • Animals
  • Apgar Score
  • Birth Weight
  • Cattle (blood, physiology)
  • Estrone (analogs & derivatives, blood)
  • Female
  • Male
  • Placenta (physiology)
  • Placenta, Retained (veterinary)
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome (veterinary)
  • Pregnancy, Animal (blood, physiology)
  • Radioimmunoassay (veterinary)
  • Statistics, Nonparametric

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