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Actin polymerization enhances Pasteurella haemolytica leukotoxicity.

Abstract
Pasteurella haemolytica leukotoxin is cytotoxic to bovine leukocytes, causing increased cell membrane permeability, osmotic swelling, release of cytosolic proteins and cell lysis. These studies were designed to test if leukotoxin causes release of the cytoskeletal protein, actin, from bovine leukemia cells and if purified actin-influenced bacterial growth or leukotoxin production. Culture supernatants caused a 7-fold decrease in viability of bovine leukemia cells and increased cell permeability that was accompanied by release of beta-actin into the cell culture supernatant. Exposing P. haemolytica to purified actin solutions induced the conversion of monomeric G-actin to polymerized F-actin. This conversion was partially inhibited by bovine P. haemolytica immune, but not pre-immune, serum. Loss of streptomycin resistance following treatment of the organism with acridine orange ablated the polymerizing activity. Incubation of P. haemolytica in the presence of purified F-actin did not affect growth but resulted in culture supernatant that had 3.0-3.9-fold greater leukotoxicity compared to medium alone or medium containing G-actin, heat-denatured actin or albumin. The effect of actin on leukotoxicity was concentration-dependent and directly associated with increases in secreted leukotoxin. The interaction between P. haemolytica and actin is potentially detrimental to the host by inducing polymerization of actin into insoluble filaments and by enhancing leukotoxicity.
AuthorsR J Basaraba, A N Byerly, D A Mosier, M D Butine, G C Stewart, B W Fenwick, M M Chengappa, S K Highlander
JournalVeterinary microbiology (Vet Microbiol) Vol. 64 Issue 4 Pg. 307-21 (Feb 12 1999) ISSN: 0378-1135 [Print] NETHERLANDS
PMID10063536 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Actins
  • Bacterial Toxins
  • Cytotoxins
  • Exotoxins
  • Immune Sera
  • Polymers
  • leukotoxin
Topics
  • Actins (chemistry)
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Toxins (metabolism)
  • Blotting, Western (veterinary)
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases (microbiology)
  • Cytotoxins (metabolism)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic
  • Exotoxins (metabolism)
  • Immune Sera (pharmacology)
  • Leukocytes (metabolism)
  • Mannheimia haemolytica (growth & development, pathogenicity)
  • Pasteurella Infections (microbiology, veterinary)
  • Polymers
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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