|1.||Sakhaee, Khashayar: 28 articles (07/2014 - 09/2002)|
|2.||Moe, Orson W: 23 articles (11/2014 - 09/2002)|
|3.||Stoller, Marshall L: 21 articles (02/2015 - 01/2002)|
|4.||Maalouf, Naim M: 19 articles (07/2014 - 03/2004)|
|5.||Gambaro, Giovanni: 17 articles (06/2015 - 07/2002)|
|6.||Khan, Saeed R: 15 articles (05/2015 - 09/2002)|
|7.||Vezzoli, Giuseppe: 13 articles (02/2015 - 12/2004)|
|8.||Eisner, Brian H: 13 articles (11/2014 - 10/2008)|
|9.||Asplin, John R: 12 articles (12/2015 - 03/2002)|
|10.||Taylor, Eric N: 12 articles (04/2015 - 01/2004)|
05/01/1987 - "Selective pharmacologic therapy of calcium nephrolithiasis is highly effective in preventing new stone formation. "
01/01/2008 - "The purpose of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy of a low-animal-protein diet (LAPD) or a high-fiber diet (HFD) for the prevention of calcium nephrolithiasis recurrence. "
05/01/1987 - "A remission rate of greater than 80 per cent and overall reduction in individual stone formation rate of greater than 90 per cent can be obtained in patients with calcium nephrolithiasis. "
06/01/2015 - "Moderate dietary salt restriction is useful in limiting urinary calcium excretion and thus may be helpful for primary and secondary prevention of nephrolithiasis. "
06/01/2010 - "This information is helpful for dietary recommendations in patients with calcium nephrolithiasis, specifically those with hypocitraturia. "
|2.||Uric Acid (Urate)IBA
06/01/1993 - "Overall, orange juice should be beneficial in the control of calcareous and uric acid nephrolithiasis."
09/01/2014 - "The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and possible impact of protein expression of URAT1 and GLUT9 in renal tissues of patients with uric acid (UA) nephrolithiasis. "
11/15/2013 - "We performed a metabolic study of 14 patients with idiopathic uric acid nephrolithiasis, 13 patients with type 2 diabetes, and 8 healthy control subjects of similar body mass index. "
06/01/2012 - "Abnormal urine pH is a risk factor for specific types of nephrolithiasis and uric acid stones result from excessively low urine pH. Here we placed 9 healthy volunteers and 10 uric acid stone formers on fixed metabolic diets to study the diurnal pattern of urinary acidification. "
05/01/2011 - "Our preliminary data showed that low urine pH as the main risk factor for uric acid nephrolithiasis was consistently found in our study patients with T2DM. "
|3.||Potassium CitrateFDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2011 - "This article reviews the management options for nephrolithiasis including a new formulation of potassium citrate, Urocit®-K 15 mEq, that allows for dosing flexibility which can lead to improved compliance and tolerability."
08/01/2008 - "Potassium citrate has long been used as a prophylactic remedy for nephrolithiasis recurrence. "
10/01/1985 - "Comparative efficacy of "specific" potassium citrate therapy versus conservative management in nephrolithiasis of mild to moderate severity."
02/01/2002 - "We conducted this study to determine the effectiveness and the optimal dose of potassium citrate for the correction of urinary abnormalities and the prevention of nephrolithiasis in children with distal RTA. "
01/01/1993 - "Study of potassium citrate treatment of crystalluric nephrolithiasis."
04/01/2015 - "[Study on inhibitory effect of EGCG on Calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis in rats and its related mechanism]."
10/01/2014 - "In the present study, we investigated 8-OHdG expression in renal biopsies of patients with nephrolithiasis and in renal tubular cells (HK-2 cells) exposed to calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM). "
07/01/2011 - "This study was performed to evaluate the clinical and biochemical profile of calcium-oxalate nephrolithiasis in stone formers with metabolic syndrome. "
01/01/2009 - "Anyway, there are several studies demonstrating a higher prevalence of calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis prevalence in CF patients compared to normal population. "
11/01/1999 - "Meta-analysis of randomized trials for medical prevention of calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis."
|5.||Ethylene Glycol (Monoethylene Glycol)IBA
01/01/2015 - "Protective effects of the aqueous extract of Crocus sativus against ethylene glycol induced nephrolithiasis in rats."
07/01/2015 - "The efficacy of antioxidant therapy against oxidative stress and androgen rise in ethylene glycol induced nephrolithiasis in Wistar rats."
01/01/2015 - "The potential effects of Fa extract on the prevention and treatment of CaOx nephrolithiasis were analyzed in an ethylene glycol- (EG-) induced CaOx crystallization model in rats and an in vitro assay. "
01/01/2015 - "To evaluate the preventive effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Dolichos biflorus seeds (DBE) in ethylene glycol induced nephrolithiasis. "
12/01/2014 - "on ethylene glycol (EG)-induced nephrolithiasis in rats. "
05/01/2012 - "In contrast, excess sodium intake increased the risk of incident nephrolithiasis, especially in women with the highest intake. "
11/01/2009 - "We examined the relationship between urine sodium and urine risk factors for nephrolithiasis. "
11/01/2009 - "However, equivocal data exist on whether increased urine sodium actually increases the nephrolithiasis risk. "
01/01/2004 - "Sodium dicarboxylate cotransporter-1 expression in renal tissues and its role in rat experimental nephrolithiasis."
01/01/1994 - "Recent and older evidence support a primary role for modification of diet, particularly diet protein and sodium intake, in the prevention of recurrent nephrolithiasis."
04/01/2001 - "A low dosage of alpha-mercaptopropionyl-glycine(1.5-4 mg Kg-1 day-1) supplied continuously or, for a short time, 4 mg Kg-1 day-1 supplied every other day can be effective in the prophylaxis of cystine nephrolithiasis in some homozygous patients with renal unilateral hypoplasia, with lower risk of side effects."
08/01/2013 - "Cystine nephrolithiasis."
03/01/2008 - "The only clinically significant manifestation is recurrent nephrolithiasis secondary to the poor solubility of cystine in urine. "
09/01/2007 - "Recurrent cystine nephrolithiasis is the main clinical feature. "
01/01/2004 - "Children at risk for nephrolithiasis can be identified by the level of urinary cystine only after tubular transport has matured (age 2 years). "
03/08/1986 - "Thiazides are considered to be effective in preventing recurrence of various types of nephrolithiasis, but the optimum dosage has not been established. "
07/01/1979 - "[Prevention of recurrent calcic nephrolithiasis with thiazides. "
04/01/2007 - "A review of the literature was performed for randomized, controlled trials with thiazides for calcium nephrolithiasis. "
09/01/2011 - "Thiazides diuretics in the treatment of nephrolithiasis: are we using them in an evidence-based fashion?"
04/01/2007 - "There is a lack of data on the metabolic effects of thiazides used to prevent recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis. "
|9.||Allopurinol (Remid)FDA LinkGeneric
01/27/1978 - "[Allopurinol therapy of nephrolithiasis]."
11/01/2014 - "Among patients with nephrolithiasis, 72.2% had lymphoproliferative disorders, 27.8% had myeloproliferative disorders, and 25% utilized allopurinol. "
06/01/2004 - "During administration of allopurinol (200 mg/d) he developed fever, an urinary tract infection and dilatation of pelviureteric junction which was suspected of being nephrolithiasis. "
11/04/2014 - "ACP recommends pharmacologic monotherapy with a thiazide diuretic, citrate, or allopurinol to prevent recurrent nephrolithiasis in patients with active disease in which increased fluid intake fails to reduce the formation of stones. "
11/01/1985 - "We studied the effect of allopurinol on the prevention of stone recurrence in 134 patients with recurrent, idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis. "
|10.||Citric Acid (Citrate)FDA LinkGeneric
05/01/2011 - "After clearance by the local institutional ethics committee, 60 patients of nephrolithiasis who had consented for the study, were enrolled (as per entry criteria) and randomized into citrate therapy (group-I) or PT (group-II). "
04/01/2000 - "The aim of the study was to define the type of metabolic abnormality in children with nephrolithiasis and the role of urinary citrate excretion. "
04/01/2014 - "These results indicate that urinary citrate is a useful biomarker for the adverse health effects of Cd exposure in a Thai population with a high prevalence of nephrolithiasis. "
09/01/2013 - "Comparison of urinary citrate excretion between patients with nephrolithiasis and healthy volunteers."
09/01/2013 - "These results indicate that EG-induced CaOx nephrolithiasis in Drosophila can be prevented by K-citrate, but not by commercial citrate-containing juices. "
|1.||Lithotripsy (Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy)
01/01/2015 - "Stone comminution with burst wave lithotripsy is feasible as a potential noninvasive treatment method for nephrolithiasis. "
02/01/2013 - "This article reviews the current literature on the various types of lithotripsy and some of the newer minimally invasive options available for management of nephrolithiasis in small animal veterinary patients. "
06/01/2012 - "Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy versus ureteroscopy: a comparison of intraoperative radiation exposure during the management of nephrolithiasis."
05/01/2012 - "Preservation of commissures with elements of the destroyed stone after lithotripsy or surgical removal is one of the leading causes of recurrent nephrolithiasis."
03/01/2012 - "Analysing the data available in the literature, contemporary methods of treatment of nephrolithiasis are limited to the methods of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and ureterorenoscopic lithotripsy (URSL), not excluding their use in the presence of developmental abnormalities and kidney impairment only. "
12/01/1987 - "The effect of parathyroidectomy on the recurrence of nephrolithiasis."
03/01/2012 - "90 patients, 40 with and 50 without a history of nephrolithiasis underwent parathyroidectomy for hyperparathyroidism; 24-hour urine samples were collected before and after parathyroidectomy. "
09/01/2010 - "Parathyroidectomy leads to a marked and long-lasting improvement of nephrolithiasis, whereas it has a limited effect on nephrocalcinosis. "
11/01/2002 - "Parathyroidectomy greatly reduces the incidence of nephrolithiasis but has little effect on nephrocalcinosis."
12/01/1987 - "Little information is available on the long-term influence of parathyroidectomy on the rate of renal stone formation in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) and nephrolithiasis. "
01/01/2014 - "Analyze studies to address the relation between nephrolithiasis and bariatric surgery. "
01/01/2014 - "Ten papers about this theme were selected from 2005-2013 in Pubmed, describing the relation of nephrolithiasis or their risk factors with several types of bariatric surgery. "
01/01/2014 - "Metabolic and endocrinological factors related to nephrolithiasis pre and post multiple techniques of bariatric surgery: a sistematic review."
12/01/2012 - "Bariatric surgery (BS) may be associated with increased oxalate excretion and a higher risk of nephrolithiasis. "
03/01/2011 - "Patients with metabolic syndrome and those submitted to modern bariatric surgery are both at risk of nephrolithiasis and nephropathy. "
|4.||Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
01/01/1984 - "The study of cristalluria was used as a method to evaluate the severity of nephrolithiasis and the efficacy of different drug therapies. "
11/01/2014 - "This study describes the incidence and risk factors of de novo nephrolithiasis among patients with lymphoproliferative or myeloproliferative diseases who have undergone chemotherapy. "
11/01/2014 - "We report the incidence of de novo nephrolithiasis in patients who have undergone chemotherapy. "
11/01/2014 - "Patients with a history of nephrolithiasis prior to chemotherapy were excluded. "
11/01/2014 - "The incidence of image proven nephrolithiasis after chemotherapy was determined. "
|5.||Phytotherapy (Herbal Therapy)
09/01/2011 - "[Experience in phytotherapy in nephrolithiasis patients after extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy]."
09/01/2011 - "Our study of efficacy of Prolit-septo phytotherapy following extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWLT) in patients with nephrolithiasis has demonstrated that Prolit-septo noticeably reduces the time of evacuation from the urinary tract of the destructed stone fragments as well as renal colic incidence and renal inflammation exacerbation."
05/01/2011 - "To compare efficacy and tolerability of phytotherapy (PT) vs. potassium citrate (KC) in patients with minimal nephrolithiasis. "
05/01/2011 - "Prospective randomized clinical trial comparing phytotherapy with potassium citrate in management of minimal burden (≤8 mm) nephrolithiasis."