|4.||Birth Weight (Birth Weights)
|1.||Peipert, Jeffrey F: 2 articles (02/2011 - 03/2003)|
|2.||Pinjaroen, Sutham: 2 articles (06/2006 - 08/2004)|
|3.||Magann, Everett F: 1 article (11/2015)|
|4.||Ahmadi, Shahryar: 1 article (11/2015)|
|5.||Shnaekel, Kelsey L: 1 article (11/2015)|
|6.||Khan, Ayasha: 1 article (01/2015)|
|7.||Armas-Gonzalez, Marina: 1 article (01/2015)|
|8.||Khan, Muhammad Zia Ul Islam: 1 article (01/2015)|
|9.||García-Hernández, José A: 1 article (01/2015)|
|10.||Naeem, Mohammad: 1 article (01/2015)|
|1.||Insulin (Novolin)FDA Link
04/01/1998 - "Carbohydrate restriction in patients with diet-controlled GDM results in improved glycemic control, less need for insulin therapy, a decrease in the incidence LGA infants, and a decrease in cesarean deliveries for cephalopelvic disproportion and macrosomia."
04/01/1998 - "Glycosylated hemoglobin, mean fasting and postprandial glucose values, incidence of macrosomia and large for gestational age (LGA) infants, cesarean deliveries for cephalopelvic disproportion and macrosomia, and need for insulin therapy were compared between the groups. "
|2.||Oxytocin (Pitocin)FDA LinkGeneric
09/01/2000 - "In previous section and cephalopelvic disproportion the mean weight of newborns was 3,425 g; 81.7% did not have regular contractility and, 4.8 received oxytocin. "
09/01/2000 - "In cephalopelvic disproportion cases, mean weight of newborns was 3,430 g., 70.6% of patients had irregular uterine contractility, and 21.7% received oxytocin; 78.2% had integrity of membranes and 4 cm or less in cervical dilation. "
11/01/1998 - "The diagnostic criteria for cephalopelvic disproportion were cervical dilation arrested after 5 cm, unresponsive to oxytocin augmentation, after active dilatation of 2 cm or more in 2 hours. "
11/01/1990 - "For previous cephalopelvic disproportion, the odds were 0.5 for a successful trial of labor; for prior breech, 2.1; for women with a previous vaginal delivery, 2.1; for women who had had more than one cesarean, 0.7; and for women receiving oxytocin, 0.3. "
11/01/1990 - "We hypothesized that various preexisting factors, including cephalopelvic disproportion, previous breech, previous vaginal delivery, more than one previous cesarean, use of oxytocin, and the length of labor and extent of dilatation in the previous cesarean, would affect the prediction of the outcome of a trial of labor. "
|3.||pamidronate (APD)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1991 - "In this group, the chances of delivery by caesarean section were 74%, when the APD was less than 10.5 cm, and 12% if the APD was greater than 11.5 cm. It is concluded that cephalopelvic disproportion in primigravidas should only be diagnosed after adequate trial of labour with adequate uterine contractions. "
10/16/1974 - "Use of prostaglandins in minor cephalopelvic disproportion and abnormal uterine action."
08/01/1984 - "In the 12 patients with clinically delayed labour, in the absence of cephalopelvic disproportion, there were significantly lower PGF (P less than 0.002) and PGFM (P less than 0.05) concentrations obtained while no differences were observed in the other prostanoids measured. "
|6.||Arachidonic Acid (Vitamin F)IBA
|7.||Misoprostol (Cytotec)FDA LinkGeneric
|8.||Dinoprostone (PGE2)FDA Link
|9.||Prostaglandins F (PGF)IBA
|10.||Morphine (MS Contin)FDA LinkGeneric
|1.||Cesarean Section (Caesarean Section)
11/01/2014 - "The present study was conducted to determine the pregnancy outcomes of cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) cases that were referred for cesarean section at a tertiary center and presented the predictivefactorsfor adverse pregnancy outcomes. "
01/01/2007 - "Finally, the only one randomised trial having studied the utility of X-ray pelvimetry for the prediction of cephalopelvic disproportion shows that pelvimetry is a poor predictor of the outcome of labour, has no influence on the neonatal issues and increases the caesarean sections rate. "
10/01/2006 - "One hundred and three singleton, viable, term pregnant women in cephalic presentation delivered by cesarean section due to cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) and 105 controls gave normal birth just before or after the study case. "
06/01/2004 - "This study was undertaken to assess feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pelvimetry in conjunction with fetal ultrasonography as a technique in evaluating patients with previous cesarean sections for cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD). "
01/01/1993 - "Since cephalopelvic disproportion inevitably leads to cesarean section it seems to be mandatory to identify patients with an absolute discrepancy between the size of the fetus and the birth canal in order to avoid unnecessary trials of labour. "
|2.||Repeat Cesarean Section
06/01/1986 - "The main indication for cesarean section in the study group was cephalopelvic disproportion, while in the control group it was repeat cesarean section. "
08/01/1996 - "Ga levels were measured by RIA in maternal serum, amniotic fluid and cord sera of newborns in 55 cases with the following conditions: normal pregnancy and eutocic vaginal delivery (n = 8), repeat cesarean section (n = 10), and cardiotogographic register suggestive of fetal compromise (n = 15), cephalopelvic disproportion (n = 8), preeclampsia (n = 7) and postdate pregnancy (n = 7). "
06/01/1998 - "Efforts to lower cesarean section rates of individual practitioners should focus on the areas of fetal distress, cephalopelvic disproportion, and repeat cesarean section."
|3.||Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
12/01/1994 - "We elucidated several controversial problems surrounding the vaginal trial in patients with prior abdominal delivery under the diagnosis of failure to progress or cephalopelvic disproportion, by conducting a prospective 6-year survey on the basis of patients who underwent prior operation for arrest disorders of labor (ADL). "
|4.||Surgical Instruments (Clip)
06/01/1996 - "Progressive risk was associated with parental delivery by mid- or high forceps (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.20-2.47; P = .004), parental cesarean because of cephalopelvic disproportion alone (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.16-2.88; P = .01), or parental cesarean for dysfunctional labor (OR 5.97, 95% CI 1.5-23.6; P < .001). "
02/02/1963 - ""Failed forceps" is due to one or more of the following conditions: (1) cephalopelvic disproportion, (2) malposition of the head, (3) premature interference under conditions unfavourable for vaginal delivery, (4) incomplete dilatation of the cervix, and (5) constriction ring. "
08/01/2000 - "Cephalopelvic disproportion was considered when there was caesarean section for failure to progress, vacuum or forceps delivery or intrapartum stillbirth. "
11/01/1995 - "Family physicians' patients had a lower incidence of Cesarean section, use of forceps, diagnosis of cephalopelvic disproportion, and low-birth-weight babies. "
09/15/1983 - "After introduction of the SOVC, the rate of primary cesarean section for cephalopelvic disproportion declined, as did the rate of forceps delivery. "
09/01/2012 - "Symphysiotomy is an operation in which the fibres of the pubic symphysis are partially divided to allow separation of the joint and thus enlargement of the pelvic dimensions thereby facilitating vaginal delivery of the foetus in the presence of mild to moderate cephalopelvic disproportion. "
08/01/2010 - "Symphysiotomy is an alternative operative procedure where a deliberate division of symphysis pubis is carried out to facilitate delivery in cases of cephalopelvic disproportion, so as to permit the birth of baby by natural passages. "
07/01/1990 - "The place of symphysiotomy in the management of cephalopelvic disproportion is discussed on the basis of the existing literature, reviewing maternal mortality and morbidity after symphysiotomy and the vaginal delivery rate in a subsequent pregnancy after a previous symphysiotomy. "
12/01/1987 - "The author concludes that symphysiotomy has a place in the management of cephalopelvic disproportion."
06/01/1981 - "40% of the caesarian sections are for cephalopelvic disproportion and in 50% of these cases the diagnosis is made late in labour; it is this group that is compared with the symphysiotomy group. "