|3.||Neuralgia (Stump Neuralgia)
|1.||Hara, Hideaki: 27 articles (09/2014 - 12/2002)|
|2.||Shimazawa, Masamitsu: 25 articles (09/2014 - 07/2004)|
|3.||Smith, Sylvia B: 20 articles (05/2013 - 11/2002)|
|4.||Marder, Eve: 20 articles (09/2011 - 03/2002)|
|5.||Sakamoto, Kenji: 16 articles (08/2015 - 08/2009)|
|6.||Yoshimura, Nagahisa: 16 articles (08/2015 - 02/2002)|
|7.||Nakahara, Tsutomu: 16 articles (08/2015 - 08/2009)|
|8.||Ishii, Kunio: 16 articles (08/2015 - 08/2009)|
|9.||Ganapathy, Vadivel: 16 articles (05/2013 - 11/2002)|
|10.||Li, Lingjun: 15 articles (11/2014 - 03/2002)|
11/01/2006 - "Together, these results show that the sampling gain of the ventral retina is significantly greater than the dorsal segment, that retinal specializations important for mediating acute vision are present in the parts of the visual field immediately above and below the surface of the water, and that visual functions related with the large ganglion cells require more even sampling across the visual field. "
01/01/2004 - "We showed in this study that the apoptotic cell numbers for retinal neural cells in the ganglion cell layer were significantly greater in the diabetic group than in the control group (p<0.01), as determined by the TUNEL assay. "
01/01/2014 - "There was significant reduction of ganglion cell layer thickness, and total and temporal retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness (p<0.0001, 0.002 and 0.0002 respectively). "
01/01/2004 - "A significant reduction in the thickness of the inner plexiform and ganglion cell layers was also observed in retinal cross-sections. "
10/01/2003 - "Retinal cell density was significantly greater in the ganglion cell layer (GCL; P = 0.014), inner nuclear layer (INL; P = 0.008), and outer nuclear layer (ONL; P = 0.008) of AdPEDF.11-treated eyes compared with the corresponding layers in AdNull.11-treated eyes. "
|2.||Hexamethonium (Hexamethonium Bromide)IBA
01/01/1994 - "Hexamethonium (0.5 mM) applied to the intestine, and not to the coeliac ganglion, reduced the frequency of the spontaneous synaptic potentials seen in coeliac ganglion cells, but did not abolish the response to distension of the colon (n = 8). "
05/04/1990 - "Administration of the nicotinic ganglion blocking agent hexamethonium (10 mg/kg i.v.) eliminated this response demonstrating that the release is mediated via an autonomic ganglion. "
09/01/1987 - "All studies were done during ganglion blockade with hexamethonium. "
12/01/2015 - "The increase in both glands was significantly inhibited by intravenous administration of the autonomic cholinergic ganglion blocker hexamethonium. "
06/01/2013 - "Interestingly, neuroprotection induced by remote postconditioning was partially prevented when ganglion transmission was pharmacologically interrupted by hexamethonium, thus showing that neural factors are involved in this phenomenon. "
|3.||Atropine (Hyoscyamine)FDA LinkGeneric
08/01/1990 - "Atropine (5 microM) produced a significant increase in both spontaneous and evoked ACh release from the ganglion while depressing synaptic transmission. "
01/01/1985 - "The lowered ganglion cell acuities encountered with the atropinized cats must be attributable to a secondary effect of the atropine administration. "
01/01/1980 - "Pipercurium bromide has no cardiotropic, atropine-like, or ganglion-blocking activity. "
04/01/1978 - "Atropine did not affect these responses in the normal and the preganglionically reinnervated ganglion, except at an early stage after operation. "
10/01/1971 - "An estimate of the muscarinic ganglion blocking potency of atropine."
|4.||Messenger RNA (mRNA)IBA
09/01/2010 - "The abundance of PBAN mRNA in brain-subesophageal ganglion complex and PBANR mRNA in pheromone gland was significantly greater compared to other tissues, suggesting that the ligand-receptor relationship of PBAN and PBANR exists quantitatively in S. "
08/01/1999 - "In NT3(+/-) embryos, the level of trkC mRNA in the trigeminal ganglion was much lower than that in wild-type embryos, although there was no significant reduction in the total number of neurons in the ganglion. "
05/07/1999 - "We modified and improved the method for direct reverse transcription in situ PCR and localized trkB mRNA in approximately one third of the neurons in the ganglion. "
04/04/2014 - "In the present study, we reveal mRNA expression of both 5-HT3A and 5-HT3B receptor subunits in the mouse vestibular ganglion (VG) by RT-PCR and in situ hybridization (ISH). "
06/01/2007 - "The present study indicated that the ganglion neurons possessed pChAT, but never cChAT, mRNA and protein. "
|5.||Acetylcholine (Acetylcholine Chloride)FDA Link
10/01/1999 - "Local application of acetylcholine onto a single ganglion induced reproducibly and dose dependently action potential discharge demonstrating the feasibility of neuropharmacological studies. "
08/28/1989 - "The kinetics of desensitization of acetylcholine-evoked Cl conductance increased response of Aplysia RC neurons of the abdominal ganglion were studied under voltage-clamp conditions for comparison with results of similar studies on acetylcholine Na and K responses. "
02/01/1987 - "The main purpose of this study was to describe, in a quantitative way, the distribution of acetylcholine receptor clusters induced by ciliary ganglion neurons over a period of time extending from hours to weeks after contacts are established. "
06/01/2013 - "Superior mesenteric ganglion-ovarian nerve plexus-ovary system removed and placed in one cuvette with two compartments, with acetylcholine added to the ganglion in the experimental group. "
06/01/2007 - "By using immunoprecipitation methods, we here provide evidence that pChAT definitely has enzyme activity enough to supply physiological concentrations of acetylcholine in the ganglion. "
|6.||Muscarinic Receptors (Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor)IBA
04/01/1995 - "Since previous studies have implicated that the precursors of ganglion cells and amacrine cells also possess muscarinic receptors (Yamashita and Fukuda, 1993), the concomitant emergence of different functional cholinergic receptor (AChR) subtypes with differentiation in vivo suggests that ACh may play diverse and temporally regulated roles in the developing retina."
08/01/2015 - "The cation channels activated by muscarinic receptors may play an important role in neuronal membrane depolarization in rat intracardiac ganglion neurons."
08/01/2015 - "Muscarinic receptor-mediated excitation of rat intracardiac ganglion neurons."
01/01/2015 - "Nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors shape ganglion cell response properties."
05/01/2010 - "Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor localization and activation effects on ganglion response properties."
|7.||Pentolinium Tartrate (Pentolonium Tartrate)FDA Link
10/01/2013 - "The pressor response to L-Pro was not affected by intravenous pretreatment with the ganglion blocker pentolinium, but it was blocked by intravenous pretreatment with the V1-vasopressin receptor antagonist dTyr(CH2)5(Me)AVP. "
11/01/2012 - "The pressor response to L-Pro injected into the 3V was potentiated by intravenous pretreatment with the ganglion blocker pentolinium (5 mg/kg), thus excluding any significant involvement of the sympathetic nervous system. "
11/01/2012 - "Furthermore, the pressor response was blocked by pretreatment with the ganglion blocker pentolinium (5 mg/kg, intravenously), suggesting an involvement of the sympathetic nervous system in this response. "
07/01/2009 - "These responses were blocked by intravenous (i.v.) pretreatment with the ganglion blocker pentolinium (PE; 5 mg/kg), suggesting sympathetic mediation. "
02/15/2008 - "The pressor response was potentiated by pretreatment with the ganglion blocker pentolinium (5 or 10 mg/kg, intravenously). "
|8.||Norepinephrine (Noradrenaline)FDA LinkGeneric
03/01/1986 - "[3H]noradrenaline [( 3H]NA) uptake studies were carried out in cat hypogastric nerves ligated in vivo, 2 cm distal to the inferior mesenteric ganglion, for different time periods. "
11/01/1980 - "The results of this study infer that the norepinephrine depression of ganglion transmission is at some site other than the usual muscarinic and nicotinic ganglion pathways and that spinal pathways are involved."
12/10/1971 - "Intraaxonal migration of ( 3 H)norepinephrine injected into the coeliac ganglion of cats: radioautographic study of the proximal segment of constricted splenic nerves."
01/01/2006 - "Three experiments were designed with the addition of: 1) noradrenaline in the ganglion compartment; 2) LH in the ovarian compartment; and 3) noradrenaline and LH in the ganglion and ovarian compartments, respectively. "
08/31/2005 - "Regarding to preferential localization of norepinephrine in the sympathetic postganglionic fibers and that of NPY also in intrinsic ganglion neurons, intrinsic neuronal circuits seem to be less susceptible to STZ-induced damage than extrinsic nerves and they might be able to recover after amelioration of diabetes."
11/01/2003 - "This study was designed to correlate responses to nicotine application with immunohistochemical evidence of nAChR expression in physiologically and morphologically identified ganglion cells. "
07/01/1988 - "The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sphenopalatine ganglion block upon the physical symptoms of nicotine withdrawal in a double-blind placebo-controlled study. "
01/01/2015 - "In this work, we demonstrate that esg loss of function induces nicotine sensitivity possibly by altering development of sensory organs and neurons in the medial section of the thoracoabdominal ganglion. "
07/01/2012 - "Lingual arteries isolated from Japanese monkeys respond to perivascular nerve stimulation by electrical pulses and nicotine with relaxations that are mediated via neurogenic NO. There is evidence supporting the hypothesis that the superior salivatory nucleus delivers central information through the geniculate ganglion and greater petrosal nerve to the pterygopalatine ganglion, which sends off impulses through nitrergic nerves to oral tissues. "
11/25/2009 - "Misexpressing PSCA before cell death in the ciliary ganglion blocks alpha7-nAChR activation by nicotine and rescues the choroid subpopulation from dying. "
03/01/2007 - "The heart photoresponse of juveniles was reversibly eliminated by application of tetrodotoxin, which changes the heartbeat from neurogenic to myogenic by suppressing cardiac ganglion activity. "
11/15/1999 - "Nonlinear responses evoked from millimeters beyond the ganglion cell were eliminated by tetrodotoxin. "
10/01/1998 - "This study presents evidence that in the neonatal cat blocking the impulse activity of ganglion cells with the Na+-channel blocker tetrodotoxin (TTX) leads to a loss of the axon-related morphology of astrocytes. "
03/01/2015 - "Tetrodotoxin abolished VEPs at all levels in the visual pathway, confirming successful blockage of ganglion cell activity. "
12/01/2007 - "Effects of continuous sciatic nerve block by tetrodotoxin on growth associated protein-43 expression in dorsal root ganglions of normal and sciatic nerve injury rats."
01/01/2010 - "Therefore, using a sciatic nerve ligation (SNL) model, spatiotemporal changes in HGF and c-Met expression were detected in the dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) and lumbar spinal cords of adult rats. "
01/01/2010 - "Expression of HGF/c-Met is dynamically regulated in the dorsal root ganglions and spinal cord of adult rats following sciatic nerve ligation."
12/05/2008 - "The proximal intestines were pulled down and the mesenteric vessels were dissected with ligation until normal intestines were accessed; the presence of ganglion cells was determined by intraoperative rapid frozen section. "
07/01/2003 - "Using morphometry in the pancreas following pancreatic duct ligation, the total ganglion cell number was found to decrease from normal levels. "
06/12/2003 - "Optic nerve ligation was performed to initiate ganglion cell loss in the retina. "
08/01/1993 - "Symptoms were relieved with no recurrence at 2 years after decompression and excision of the ganglion."
07/01/1996 - "The objective of this study is to analyze the utility of microsurgical decompression of the second cervical (C2) root and ganglion as a treatment for CH. "
01/01/2015 - "Destructive procedures (radiofrequency lesioning, radiosurgery, section) and microvascular decompression of the trigeminal nerve or the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) have induced short-term improvement which did not maintain on long term in most of the patients. "
07/01/2014 - "Ganglion excision and decompression of Guyon's canal were performed in all patients. "
06/01/2014 - "Diagnostic arthroscopy, decompression/resection of ganglion cyst. "
11/01/2010 - "Other interventional treatments such as intradiscal injections, ganglion impar block, radiofrequency treatment and caudal block are advised only under study conditions (0). "
05/15/1991 - "In the present study, the population size of surviving ganglion cells that have returned axon terminals to the correct tectal loci was estimated by counts of retrogradely labeled cells in retina-flat-mounts after tectal injections of HRP. "
10/10/2012 - "The loss of ganglion cells following repeated injections was confirmed and quantified by the decrease in RGC specific protein Brn3a measured by western blotting in ten additional rats. "
08/01/2011 - "Ganglion cells were labeled by retrograde tracer injections targeted to koniocellular layer K3 in the lateral geniculate nucleus in marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) and subsequently photofilled. "
05/01/2011 - "At the start of his career, Cushing treated TN mainly through Gasserion ganglion extirpations and peripheral neurectomies; however, he nearly abandoned these methods in favor of sensory root avulsion after 1906 and did not perform alcohol injections until his later years at Hopkins. "
03/01/2015 - "Autoneuroplasty was performed at all of patients: in 42 cases--in combination with sympathectomy (thoracoscopic clipping of Th3-4 sympathetic ganglions), in 44 cases--without sympathectomy. "
01/01/2015 - "Autoneuroplasty was performed in 86 patients with posttraumatic defects of median and ulnar nerves: in 42 cases in combination with sympathectomy (thoracoscopic clipping of Th3-4 sympathetic ganglions) and in 44 cases without sympathectomy. "
08/01/2012 - "Patients underwent two-stage thoracic sympathectomy with resection of Th2-Th4 ganglions. "
01/01/2011 - "33 patients had thoracoscopic Th3 ganglion clipation; 16 patients had brachial artery and vein perivascular sympathectomy; 15 patients periarterial sympathectomy on the level of brachial artery. "
02/01/2009 - "Sympathectomy was achieved by electrodessication of the third ganglion. "
01/01/1989 - "In this study, the effect of making 2 lesions on the same axon (the conditioning lesion effect) on the regrowth of ganglion cell axons into the peripheral nerve graft was examined. "
12/01/2014 - "Imaging manifestations of other potential complications of both the PCL graft and donor sites are described, such as laxity, impingement, arthrofibrosis, ganglion cyst formation or complications related to the fixation material. "
10/01/2012 - "It is unclear whether ganglion formation within the tibial tunnel is related to screw resorption or the hamstring graft. "
08/01/2011 - "The pterygopalatine artery was ligated and a temporal muscle graft was placed between the artery and the ganglion. "
02/01/2010 - "Then, we review commonly encountered complications: those associated with decreased range of motion (impingement, arthrofibrosis, intraarticular bodies, ganglion cysts) and those associated with laxity (graft tearing, graft stretching). "